Arunachal Pradesh is one of the tourist destinations that attract thousands of visitors to India. There are in all 26 tribes in Arunachal Pradesh. Also, it has several sub tribes living in the inner core of Arunachal Pradesh near around 3649 villages. The people belonging to this region are from the Mongolian origin. They are developing along with time and now have developed even in their customs. They have developed a very large ocean which is very well known in Arunachal Pradesh. The people staying in Arunachal Pradesh are very friendly, peace loving and simple. They give amazing hospitability to the visitors.
The festivals of Arunachal Pradesh depict the faith and the belief of the residence. They have patriarchal kind of society. They follow the democratic culture, each tribe has their own rules and regulation that looks for welfare activities, law & order and to minimize the disputes in between the people. These members who belong to the organization are selected by the people.
They have very ancient culture and are yet guarded in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. In all there are three groups that have their presence in Arunachal Pradesh and they have their origin from religious affinities and socio – politico affinities. They are divided into the groups and they have their own way of living. However, the way they live is very similar and have same occupations.
The societies of Arunachal Pradesh is still governed by the chief and even the adults, they do not follow the caste system. They have gathering during many social functions. The young people are very well organized and they do adore the elders. They work under the instructions of the elders in case of arrangement of any function or festival.
The culture of Arunachal Pradesh can be very well pretended from the simple living of their life. The people of Arunachal Pradesh are tribe oriented. They are on the way to modernity. They carry rules and regulation of any particular rule but they follow the foot steps of their elders. The culture here is not that influential as they do not follow any strict law.
Dance is an extremely wonderful part of their culture. It is very simple and varies from one tribe to another. They perform this dance forms in the various festivals and the occasion or any other celebration. They pray to god who is regarding the well being of their community and the good yields from the field.
Arunachal Pradesh is nestled in the foothills of High ranges of Himalayas. In the ancient period, Arunachal Pradesh was considered to be the part of North East Frontier Agency. Today, it is considered as the deemed state that belongs to India. Following are some of the features that Arunachal Pradesh has :
Latitude - 26º28' North and 29º30' North.
Longitude - 91º30' East and 96º30' East.
Area - 83,573 square kilometers.
Capital - Itanagar.
Districts - 15.
Towns - 12.
Villages - 3862.
Boundaries - Assam, Nagaland, Bhutan, Tibet, China and Myanar.
Rivers - Brahmaputra, Kameng, Siang, Lohit, Subansiri, Tirap, etc.
Population - 1,097968 (according to 2001 census).
Literacy rate - 44.24%
Arunachal Pradesh is very thinly populated as it is located in the high altitudes of Himalayas. If considered geographically, it has been divided into six different regions. The first 2 regions of Arunachal Pradesh comprises of the western Part that belongs to the Kameng District and the Tirap District. The other three regions of Arunachal Pradesh consist of the upper, the middle and the lower portion of the state. And the sixth part is the concentrated pockets that lie in Arunachal Pradesh.
Apart from this division, Arunachal Pradesh has high mountain ranges along with sub – mountainous terrains in the northern parts. The river flowing across this region has created an abrasion that has created the great valley that forms another feature for the geography of Arunachal Pradesh.
The people of Arunachal Pradesh had migrated from Tibet. In actual, there are no records for the origin of this people or the culture that can define the history of Arunachal Pradesh. There are very few oral literature and ancient ruins that are found in the region of foothills lying since the Christian era. In the ancient period, Arunachal Pradesh was considered amongst the North East Frontier Agency. In 1965, The Ministry of External Affairs has administered the state and after that the Ministry of Home Affairs through the governors of Assam.
During the period of 16th century, Ahom King has its influence in this region. The people used to belong to Tibeto – Burmese in their linguistic origin. The tribal communities here consist of Bangnis, Daflas, Monpas and are truly inspired by the Buddhist Ideals. Along with these communities there are Ramos, Membas and the Boris that contributes to the minor communities. They are excellent in handicrafts. During the period of 1913 – 1914, the British Administrator, Henry Mcmahon drew a border in between the British India and Tibet when the Shimla Conference was about to begin. They drew the line of control and had established their buffer zones surrounding the colonies in South Asia. The British and the Tibetan representatives in the Simla conferences were ready for the deal and the agreement but the representative from China had denied the agreement due to some domestic pressure. Now, the refusal of the Document was made to consider the line of control as declared by Sir Mc Mohan Line.
The situation again came into form when India got Independence and then eventually China was an established state in late 1940. Then the boundary declared by McMahon was declared to be line from the month of November, 1950 and had forced Tibetan government out of Tawang in the year 1951. The same issue was again raised during the period of Sino – Indian War that was held in the year 1962. China had made it to victory and there was voluntarily withdrawal of the Mcmahon Line and had revisited Indian Prisoners of the war in 1963. This war had directly affected the barter trade system with Tibet.
Till 1972, Arunachal Pradesh was considered to be the part of North East Frontier Agency. In the year 1972, it was composed as a Union Territory and then was renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. In the year 1987, on the 20th February, Arunachal Pradesh became the 24th state of India.