Situated in the northeastern part of India, Assam, the beauty of North east consists of two valleys - the Valley of the Barak River and the Valley of Brahmaputra. Assam became a region in India after it was occupied by the British after the Burma War in 1824. The Indian Epic Mahabharata refers to Assam as Pragjyotisha. Later it came to be known as Kamarupa. Settlement here dates back to the Stone Age as there are proofs of doleritic kind of basalt stone used for making tools in the Stone Age. The famous Chinese traveler Huein Tsang visited Assam and has confirmed of Buddhism existing here. The Varmanas, Palas were famous dynasties ruling over Assam. Finally the British took over and after independence Assam grew into the state producing tea. Assam is also known for resources of oil and petroleum and also Assam silk.
Endowed with rich flora and fauna, the one horned rhino is a specialty here. A variety of birds and the Assam tiger and the Asian elephant are all reason why Assam is favored by most wildlife lovers. Kaziranga and Manas are today sites approved as World Heritage. The forests in Assam, the wildlife paradise are rich with the Sal tree and the verdant expanse of greenery in Assam is a sight to behold.
The River Brahmaputra flows through this state creating many lakes in oxbow formation, and delivers to Assam its tributaries and sparkling streams. In the year 1905, the state of Bengal was divided and the provinces of East Bengal and Assam were formed. In 1911, Bengal was reformed with joining East Bengal and now there were four different portions formed viz Assam, Orissa, Bihar, and Bengal. In 1970, Assam got further split into the states of Mizoram, Nagaland and Meghalaya. Shillong was the earlier capital of Assam and when the state split, Dispur became its capital.
From the touristic point of view Assam, the tea haven is richly endowed with the best kind of scenic beauty with all the cities of Assam projecting the best of Northeastern India. Guwahati, the legendary Pragjotishpur, is also known as the Light of the East. The city of Majuli is popular for its island of fresh water. This is amongst the largest such Asian river islands. Dispur is a golf lover’s paradise and the city of Digboi is famous for its wax dolls. If one wants to get religious then one could visit Tezpur which is a land of temples. To top all this is the Sibsagar tea estate which is a tea lover’s paradise.
Thus with all this to offer Assam is the jewel of North Eastern India.