At a glance :
Location : Assam, From Tezpur, 35 kilometre, Sonitpur District.
Area : 200 square kilometer
Major Attraction : Four Hornbill species
Best season to visit : November - March
Nameri Tiger Reserve is situated in the foothills of Eastern Himalayas at the Sonitpur District in Assam, India. This park is one of the prominent places and the most endangered reservoirs of animal and plant life on the earth. On the northeastern side of the park, another famous park adjoins is the Pakhui (Pakke) Sanctuary. The Nameri National park stretches up to the east part and also to the south west reservoir of the Bor Dikorai River, from this is the divided highway limit at Sijussa, which lies to the left reservoir of the river Jia Bharali that leads to the south part of Balipara Reserve Forest.
The area in this park is shattered by the river Jia Bharali and its other small tributaries known as the Khari, Diji, Dikorai, Dinai, Nameri, Doigurung, and many more. The Nameri Tiger Reserve covers an area of over two hundred square kilometer and it is increased by different parts of ‘Balipara Reserve Forests Area,’ which lies at a distance of around sixty four square kilometer. This river acts as a cushion on the reverse part of the river Jia Bharali and over eighty square kilometer of the ‘Nauduar Reserve Forests.’ The terrain at this place is irregular with a height ranging from about eighty meters along with the river banks extended to two hundred and twenty five meters in the central area and northern parts.
The ecological region of this national park is a part of the ‘Eastern Himalayan Mega Biodiversity Hotspot’ and also the ‘North Bank Landscape.’ The Nameri Tiger Reserve offers one of the natural and richest areas on the earth in conditions of ‘Plant Functional Complexity’ and ‘Plant Functional Type.’ This area is determined by the tropical rainy season, which causes heavy and seasonal rainfall with an average measuring over three thousand four hundred millimeter of the monsoon rainfall. This season starts from the month of May to September.
In the state of Assam, the Nameri Tiger Reserve is the 2nd Tiger Reserve, which offers various attractions for tourist. The hillocks and the river Jia Bharali add some unique charm to this national park. Due to heavy rainfall, few jheels that is small lakes are formed, where you can spot white wing ducks straying early morning. Visitors who are adventure aficionado come to visit this place from far away regions. Majority of the people come to witness this national park in the month of May to September. The entry fee for local Indian nationals is different and for foreigners is different.
It is an iconic park in the state of Assam where you can see many mammals, birds and other species who dwell here. The wild animals found in the park are rare and endangered one in the world, so while visiting this place one should be careful. Around three thousand domestic cattle is also a part of this victim base for leopards and tigers. The nearest village which is settled within the national park has thousands of population. Truly, visitors will experience one of the remarkable vacations in their life by visiting this park.
Flora and Fauna :
Most of the area of the Nameri Tiger Reserve is covered by deciduous forests, it has over six hundred species of different plants that can be easily found in this park. The half evergreen forests and the tropical evergreen combine this national park with damp deciduous forests. While on the other hand bamboo and cane brakes, and narrow way from the open grassland can also be found besides the several rivers. In this grassland and dense forest you can spot plant species like Vatica lanceaefolia, Albizzia lucida, Trewia nudiflora, Albizzia procera, Terminalia myriocarpa, Amoora wallichii, Terminalia citrina, Artocarpus chaplasha, Syzygium cumini, Baccaurea sapida, Sterculia hamiltonii, Bischofia javanica, Shorea assamica, Bombax ceiba, Sapium baccatum, Canarium strictum, Pterospermum acerifolium, Castanopsis indica, Pseudostachyum polymorphum, Cordia dichotoma, Premna bengalensis, Cinnamomum cecicodaphnea, Morus roxburghii, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Mesua ferrea, Dillenia indica, Litsea sebifera, Duabanga grandiflora, Lagerstroemia flos-reginae, Duabanga sonneratoides, Endospermum chinense, and Dysoxylum procerum.
There are more than thirty species of wild animals found in this park; they are the most endangered and rare in the world. Visitors from across the globe come to visit this place for observing these wild animals. It includes Tiger, Wild Pig, Leopard, Flying Squirrel, Black Panther, Malayan giant Squirrel, Clouded Leopard, Himalayan yellow Throated Martin, Lesse Cats, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Assamese Macaque, Himalayan Black Bear, Slow Loris, Elephant, Capped Langur, Indian Bison, Indian Hare, Dhole, Hispid Hare, Sambar, Fox, Barking Deer, Dog Deer, and many more.
The Nameri Tiger Reserve is a habitant of around three hundred and fifteen species of two winged birds. They are the Fairly Blue Bird, White winged wood duck, Three Toed kingfisher, Great Pied Hornbill, Himalayan pied Kingfisher, Wreathed Hornbill, Pin tailed green Pigeon, Rufous Necked Hornbill, Hill Myna, Black Stork, Khallej Pheasant, Ibis Bill, Long Billed Ring Plover, Large Whistling Teal, King Vulture, Common Mergernser, and lot more.
While exploring in the dense forest of Nameri, visitors can spot various different types of reptile species that reside on the ground or on trees. There are number of reptiles like the Indian soft Shelled Turtle, King cobra, Narrow Headed soft Shelled Turtle, cobra, Asian Leaf Turtle, Pit Viper, Keeled Box turtle, Russels Viper, Malayan Box Turtle, Banded Krait, Assam Roof Turtle, Python, Rat Snake, etc. These reptiles are endangered and unusual which can harm a person, so as a word of caution one should beware while wandering in this park.
Fishes are the most common species found in the river of Jia Bharali, they are known as the Silghoria, Shaort gilled Mahseer, and Golden Mahseer.
Closure to the Nameri National Park, there are many facilities offered for tourist to stay. The ‘Tourism Department’ comprises few tourist lodges at Bhalukpong and Tezpur which are located at a distance of twenty one kilometer from this national park. In this place, there are also facilities provided by the tourism department that is an Eco-camp which lies at Potasali. This accommodation is simple best to stay when visited in this national park, where tourist can be live comfortably and also eat delicious food.