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Situation : Munger
Constructed By : Mohammedan Kings
The most significant and renowned monuments have their location at the Munger Fort. This fort is constructed on the rocky prominence known as Karnacharna which was associated with Raja Karna that projects into Ganga River, due to this river the fort is protected from north and west partly, it is safeguarded by a profound moat on the other side.
Traces of the past :
Munger does not comes out to be the 1st conquests of Muslims in Bihar below the reign of Ikhtiyar Khan Khilji, although it seems to be in 1330 AD, this was part of Muhammad Tuglaq’s kingdom of Delhi. After his rule this was under Jaunpur King and Sultans of Bangal. You would have heard about Todarmal, who was a statesman under King Akbar who bivouacked at Munger for a long time.
The Munger fort covers an area of approximately 222 acres and bears a 4 kilometer circuit. The construction of the Munger fort belongs to the early Mohannedan Kings from India. There are 4 entrance ways to the fort provided by the rampart, with each side having an ocatgonal bastions at a regular distance, which bears the typical battlements. In the gates the one which is in the north is known as Lal Darwaza, this Darwaza has engraved stones in it and the style of it belonged to the Buddhist or Hindu’s. This fort is constructed on the rocky prominence known as Karnacharna which was associated with Raja Karna. It is mentioned by Bucchanan that the King’s house was constructed on this hill. The remains of it were in use by the British by a presenting battery; but soon after General Goddard constructed the current bungalow on the place as the dwelling place of the Commanding Officer, the view from this place is too mind blowing. You can have a look at the work of the king’s wife and the King in front part of the Bungalow which is an old platform.
There is a man-made rectangular knoll on either side of the hillock, this was once known as the Fort’s citadel. Unlike other forts there is no primitive name to this place but it’s still in books that there was a building here called Damadama Kothi which was demolished for the construction of the bungalow of the Collector.
Structures in the Interior of the Fort :
Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa : The real dwelling place of the saint is still unknown, it is believed that formerly he came from Persia and went to Munger at the occurrence of the very popular divine of Muslim from Ajmer called Khwaja Muinddin Chishti, it is believed that he passed away here in 1177 AD and was buried in a place in the close proximity of the rampart. The build is aroused within the fort’s south gate on the pinnacle of a small mound, in relation to 25' in height, this according to Bloch; symbolizes the remains of few structures of the Buddhist. Covering the area of 100’ square, there is a wall that is bordered by a platform. Additionally, the build of the tomb bears a chamber and also a room for offering prayers and for the purpose of taking rest there is an attached rest room. Also there are circular turrets at the dome’s corner. The graves that belong to Mujawires family are all around the tomb. There are a few stones which gives a resemblances to the remains of the shrines of Hindu’s which can be seen in the lower platform of the tomb to the south.
Shah Suja’s Palace : The palace of Shah Suja is now being converted into a jail which was before a palace of Mughal Prince Suja. The building is surrounded by huge walls on 3 sides and to the west side you can see a river. It mainly contains Zanana Palace or Khas Mahal which is now a trail ward, then is the Public Audience Hall or Diwane-I-Am, which is used as a prisoners school and is the armoury or the Top-Khana this walls bears a thickeness of 10 inches to 15 inches which is currently a dormitory. On the western side attached to the palace was the existence of a small mosque now which is used as a godown to store ration.
Mulla Muhammed Said’s Tomb : This is situated in the south western direction on the bastion. A Persian poet who came down to India from Mazandran which was close to the Caspain Sea, at the time of the reign of Aurangzeb was Mulla. He was being chosen as a tutor to Zibunnisa Begum the King’s daughter. Later he was appointed by Aurangzeb’s grandson Azim Shah when he was Bihar’s viceroy. Mulla passed away in 1704 AD and till 20th centuries earlier his tomb was in existence, soon after the demolishment of the tomb the grave was detached.
Chandisthana : Chandisthana, has a shrine which Buchanan mentioned as Vikram Chandra. There is an associated tradition of Karna Vikrama with this place. This place was considered scared at the era of Buchanan.
Ghat on Ganges, the Kashtaharini : The rivers Uttara-Vahini means bends towards the northern direction, this is the thing which made this spot a scared destination for the Hindus. The holiness of the site may be of substantial antique, as is possibly indicated by the message of the Gahadwala King Govind Chandra of Kanauj, that records a contribution made by the king after taking bath in Ganges at Mudgagiri on the occurrence of Akhshaya Tritiya fiesta. On the entranceway walls of the ghat is the message of the king Bhagiratha and the structure of a Siva shrine. Several sculptures and carvings have been revealed from this region in 1903 by Bloch.. An emblazoned picture of Dhyani Buddha bearing the typical Buddhist Creed is currently placed in the Kolkatta’s Indian - Museum.