As the monuments of Bihar explain, the history of the state is one of the treasured one in India. The land of Bihar was blessed by the birth of Gautam Buddha who gave a new dimension to philosophy. The state was bestowed again with, after Budhhda’s birth and enlightment, the birth of Chandra Gupta maurya who establishes the Mauryan dynasty. The preset day Patna, then known as Patuliputra was the birth place of world renowned emperor Ashoka.
The records in Indian history show Bihar as an important place for education, culture and power. The state witnessed great advancement in its infrastructure and education during the time of Mauryan dynasty.
The grandeur of Buddhism was subject to destruction with the invasion of Muhammad Bin Bakhtiar Khilji during 12t century BC. The Muslim invasion massacred the land and the growth of Buddhism in it as well. The famous study centers like Nalanda and Vikramshila were destroyed by the rampage of Muslim invaders. The state was under the administration of Hemu for a substantial period of time. Hemu earned the title of Samrat Hemchandra Vikramaditya though his valor and his steady win in 22 battles against Afghan invaders. Eventually Hemu lost to Emperor Akbar when he got killed in the Second Battle of Panipat. The state came under the rule of Akbar and no native ruler got the scope to administer Bihar in medieval times.
Bihar again struck the glory of its past as several eminent national leaders came to limelight during India’s freedom struggle. Several Leaders made a niche through their involvement in India’s freedom struggle. Rajendra Prasad, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Sri Krishna Sinha, Mulana Mazharul Haque, Satyendra Narayan Sinha, Jayaprakash Narayan are a few names among the many freedom fighters of Bihar. The place was an important site for freedom struggle as Gandhi pioneered civil disobedience movement from Bihar.