Although the state separated with its name just a decade ago, its reference is found in history dating back to the pre-Magadha reign. The name Jharkhad implies a land of jungles and Jharis (bushes) and during 1765 the place came under the rule of British colonizers. The British colonizers faced immense resistance from the local inhabitants of Jharkhand during subjugation of the state. Tribal revolution created legendary tribal heroes and Birsa Munda is one amog them. the Chhota Nagpur division gave challenging resistances to British rulers as the Munda tribes forught with tremendous valor. Larka Kol Rising in during 1820- 21 infused the fire of revolution among the tribal groups of Jharkhand. This revolution was followed by several other fierce resistances from Munda tribes like Kol Rising of 1832 and Santhal insurrection.
However, so far the longest tribal revolt was Birsa Munda that commenced from 1895 and continued relentlessly till 1900. The fierce battle brought Birsa Munda in the limelight as he was regarded as a terror for British rulers in India. In the early phase, Birsa Munda revolt concentrated in the areas where people of Munda tribe are abundant such as Khunti, Sarwada, Tamar and Bandgaon. Later the legendary tribal hero brought supporters from Oraon belt, which constitutes the regions of Sisai, Lohardaga, and even Barway. This revolt was the last tribal revolt of the state and made a great impact on the mind-set of the tribal inhabitants of Jharkhand.
During 20th century, there were uprising of tribal communities of the stat to free the clutches of British colonialism. Several movements were witnessed during this period and one of the famous was Tana movement. The Tana movement later on joined the Satyagraha movement of Mahatma Gandhi for India’s freedom struggle.
For years after Independence the tribal inhabitants of the state displayed their interest to rule the state. Jharkhand, being predominantly a tribal society, was always a place of tension and insurrection. The right of administration of the land was vested to the tribal leaders through passing of a bill that ordered the creation of a separate state named Jharkhand in 2000.