Meghalaya means the abode of the clouds according to Sanskrit, the Indian language. Stretched across Eastern Indian, this hilly abode is covered with one third portion of forested area. The biodiversity here is unique and the landscape of the Gharo, Jaintia and the Khasi hills and the districts they are composed of gave birth to the State of Meghalaya in the year 1972.
Popular for its trekking areas, and scenic beauty, the State has Shillong as its capital. Present from times of the British, the region came into being after the State of Bengal was partitioned by Lord Curzon in 1905. Meghalaya constituted the regions of Eastern Bengal and the State of Assam and after the reversal of partition; it became a part of the Assam Province. Later it independently became the State of Meghalaya in 1972.
The tribals of Gharo, Khasi and Jaintia hills comprise the inhabitation of the State and the Nepali populace is also in plenty here. With agriculture and cattle rearing as the main occupation, the State also has a majority of Christians inhabiting the place. With Khasi and Gharo as the main languages, the people of Meghalaya follow a matriarchal system.
Meghalaya is home to a lot of historical and religious importance. A Shivalinga of the 13th century and possessing the Archean type of rock formation, Meghalaya, the abode of clouds today is a popular tourist spot with beautiful rivers traversing the state, with deep gorges and magnificent waterfalls. The Shillong Peak, Cherrapunji, Mawsynram, the small airport at Umroi, with the beautiful forests, the wildlife sanctuaries, pitcher plants, the sal tree and the teak tree, the limestone caves, and the variety of birds, all make up the reasons why a tourist remains enthralled in this place of paradise. Tourists from countries abroad earlier had to take a permit to enter Meghalaya, but today these rules don’t exist. Regarded as one of the most beautiful states in India, the tourist attraction here hasn’t decreased over the years. With 2 National Parks, and 3 Wildlife Sanctuaries, Meghalaya, the tourist’s paradise is surely the hub of a rich variety of flora and fauna.
Be it the Nohkalikai Falls or the Maw bin nah Standing Stones, whether it is the tea drinking experience at Nangpoh or visiting Cherrapunjee the place with the heaviest rainfall, or Shillong with the highest peak, whether it is the hot springs at Jakrem or the Umiam Lake near Shillong, Meghalaya, the traveler’s ecstasy has offered the best of touristic experience and continues to do with its botanical gardens, Dawki the place of the best view of mountain ranges and many other places of exquisite attractive tourist spots and unforgettable experience.