At a glimpse :
Capital city : Kohima.
Positioned : 11th District.
Language spoken : Konyak Angami, Seema, Loth, and Ao.
Facts of Nagaland :
Nagaland is the most prominent state of India, which was established in the year 1963 on 1st December. It is located on the farthest to the eastern part of India. This region is stated as one of the seventh sister of the other states in this country. Nagaland is the most visited holiday destination which is covered up with a wide range of high elevated stunning mountains. This place encloses various attractions for tourist that are worth to watch when visited here. The warmth of people, tradition and culture of this region merely touches the heart of the visitors. Moreover, due to the elevated rugged mountains Nagaland is an idyllic place for trying out some of the adventurous activities like trekking, jungle camping, hiking, and rock climbing.
Originally, the word Nag’ is defined with two different meaning in the world. The name Nagaland is derived from the word ‘Nag,’ which means “the god of snakes” and other meaning is the “naked” which is derived from the Sanskrit language ‘Nagna.’ Therefore, the land of these regions is mainly populated by the few tribal group communities that reflect the originality of the culture and different art forms of India. The tribes that dwell here give more importance to their culture that comes under the forms of dance, music, folklore, dress, language, traditions, and customs that continued from the ancestors. Even the traditional heroes and the brave deeds followed the same tradition and custom of their region from the earlier period of time. Nagaland state is bounded with other major states like the Assam state in west, Arunachal Pradesh in north, Myanmar in east, and Manipur state at the southern part.
History of Nagaland :
The former history of the Nagaland state is basically unregistered in Indian history. The histories of the contiguous land of Ahom dynasty in Assam state recorded the economic activities and the customs that are followed by the Naga tribes.
The tribes of Naga had political and socio- economic links with the other tribes of Myanmar and Assam. Even today, a large amount of population belonging to Nagaland dwells in Assam. Following an attack in the year 1816, the land along with Assam state came directly under the rule of Myanmar state. This period of time was marked for the tyrannical rule and havoc in both Nagaland and Assam states of India. In the year 1826, when British East India Company obtained power of Assam, they gradually extended their province over current Nagaland. But by the year 1892, all of the modern Nagaland excluding the Tuensang region in the northern eastern part was easily ruled by the British. It was governmentally merged into the Assam state, which was successively the vast kingdom of Bengal in the earlier period of time.
The British government noticed that tribes of Nagaland were often occupied in internal warfare, and the exercising of cutting the heads of the prisoners and the citizens for their religious ceremonies. Later on, the British government put a stop to their inter-tribal disputes, and also ended the practice of chopping the heads of prisoners by applying of diplomacy and force. All this success was possible only due to the working hand of the Christian missionaries in this area that was transformed into Nagaland. A large number of Naga tribes acquired Christianity, and accepted the Baptist faith. But among them, only few tribal communities continued to practice the wild like animist tradition of their religion that existed earlier than the arrival of British in India. Later, when India got independence in the year 1947, some part of the area stayed behind as a small part of region of Assam.
In the year 1957, the Naga Hills region of the Assam state and Tuensang boundary were merged in a single political unit that was known as a Union territory. Later in 1963, Nagaland was officially granted as statehood and the primary state-level self-governing voting were held in the year 1964.
Geography of Nagaland :
Nagaland is situated on the excessive part at the northern eastern side of India; it is positioned just below the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The neighboring country closer to the eastern part of Nagaland is Myanmar. To the north it is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh, while to the western part lies Assam state, and Manipur boundaries to southern area. The climatic condition of this region is amazing and is the temperature of the atmosphere changes according to it. During the monsoon season, rains are very heavy in the state of Nagaland.The standard rainfall of this region lies between the ranges around 175 centimeters to 250 centimeter. During the months of June to September, in these four months heavy rainfalls are expected by the tribes of Naga.
But the rainfall in the month from April to May is very low. So, visitors are advised to avoid visiting Nagaland during this season. From the northern western part, strong wind blows are expected more in the month of February and March. Due to all the heavy rainfalls and strong winds the climatic condition in this region is very pleasant. Therefore, visitors can experience one of the wonderful vacations in this holiday destination. When you see this place, you will notice that a large area of land is covered with stunning hills, rugged and elevated mountainous. There are numerous stunning and rugged mountains that are covered with the blanket of green lush forest.
Among all of them, the uppermost peak is the Saramati, which lies in the district of Twensang. This mountain measures at a height of over 3840 meters above low lying areas. The standard altitude of the other peaks lies between the ranges of 900 meters to 1200 meters. The hillsides and other highest mountains are mainly enclosed with dense green forests that comprise a large amount of vegetation. Due to lush green forest, several species of wildlife and bird’s habitant here and they are converted into national parks and wildlife sanctuary. These are the places where visitors can get to see a closer look of the wild beast that dwell here. While exploring in the wildlife of Nagaland, you will definitely experience one of the adventurous and thrilling vacation of your lifetime.In the region of Angami, various terraced fields are the banquet to ones eyes.
Culture of Nagaland :
The Naga tribes mainly belong to Indo-Mongoloid dynasty. In Nagaland state, there are total fourteen main Naga tribes that are habitant in this state. They are the Zeliang, Yimchunger, Sema, Sangtamand, Rengma, Pochury, Phom, Konyak, Khemungan, Chang, Lotha, Chakhesang, Ao, and Angami.
Each of the tribes from these communities speaks in their own languages and also cultural features. The most important culture of this Nagas is that they indulge in various activities like the arts and handicrafts, music, dance, and many more. When you take a trip to this place, on the streets and in shops visitors will spot some of the great handicrafts that are made by the Naga tribes. The most popular and important arts is the weaving, pottery making, metal working, spinning, dyeing, woodcarving, blacksmiths, bamboo work, and many more. Music and dance is also the most significant art form which is hosted by every single tribe in Nagaland. Around the year, there are various fairs and festivals that are celebrated in the state of Nagaland.
These festivals, are mainly celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy, and perform various dance forms to entertain the villagers. The dances they perform are traditional and are continued from earlier period of time before independence of India. They are usually associated with folk songs and traditional music that adds more flavor to the art form. If your are taking a trip to Nagaland state, make sure you visit it during the time of fairs and festivals where you can get to see different art forms, culture and tradition followed in every Naga tribal communities.