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Home » East india » Orissa » Architecture » Orissan Temple Architecture

At a Glance :

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Bhubaneshwar's temple

The Jagmohana & The Duel :

The traditional temple of Orissa has been constructed in the 2 structures such as Jagamohana & Deul. The structure Deul includes principal pictures of temple & it has been bounded through curvilinear spire. Another Jagmohana is veranda for worshippers. This contains pyramidal roof made of retreating steps. With the confirmation to pattern of Hindu, temple's interior is normally tiny and shady than porch. Each and every point divine energies are centered within the tiny chamber. This was used as a sight of holy ritual or image or worship praise below the priest's sharp eye. The veranda is very much public area of temple, which is generally used for dancing, group celebration, reading or meditation.

Planned Structures :

The inside arrangement of Jagmohana and Deul is in square shape. The walls outside portion are destroyed through different direction in the sections such as Rathas. In closest temples, there is single projection due to that temple was Triratha. This direction is done by its own within the sober temples. As per the change in time, these directions were enhanced in both ornateness and number. Though the afterward buildings are Saptaratha, Pancharatha and many more. All these outer directions are too carried forwards for steeple of Deul is known as Pagas. As house of deities and temple of Hindu is a body part of Prajapati (cosmic man), he was the man who sacrificed to make the world. This is ideal image of human body because the nervous system of human includes Universe. That’s why temple contains microcosm to macrocosm.

Within the Orissa state's temple the functions are mostly clear by the major Orissan temple's parts. The Jagmohana and Deul are made by 4 prime sections such as head, trunk, base and plinth. Among these, optional section is plinth due to that in some of the Orissa's Temple you won't get to see this section. Some prime factors are also missing few temples. Bada contains upper & lower shin, foot, Varanda that divides Gandi and Bada from each other. The base of Jagmohana and Deul is similar by trunk that why buildings are taking the different form. Deul's Trunk is steeples that increase on front side till it squashes outward. This makes Shikhara in shoulder style that is strange for Orissa state.

In the horizontal tiers, the trunk has been separated; every tier has a mark done through the fluted disk. All these numbers of disks are in miniature type of ridged cushion. Where as the trunk of Jagamohana has been made by plenty of small layers.

Both the structures head part is divided from neck and trunk. In totally progressed Jagaohana, it is followed through big bell size portion. This portion supports Amla, later on fruit Amalaka, it got this name. Majorly the relevance has not been showed. Fruit is considered as it contains huge important properties, which are highly practiced in medicine of Ayurveda & yogic diet. The Amla is used to showcases the 1000 petaled lotus, which unlock over the head of temple. Next is Skull that has been honored through vessel of afterlife.

Unique Features :

Deul's inside portion too has plenty different characteristics. Along with real Hindu building, temple's primary techniques are also available here. The sealing of temple is very heavy and it has been arranged on each other that’s why they can slowly cover the internal space. This design is inherently poor that you can see through plenty steeples, which have been laid inward from many centuries. Orissa state's big temples and empty chamber has been made through Garbha Muda. The more you visit the tall temples of Orissa, you will feel more need of empty chambers. These chambers are not just made for structural stability but it has been also supplied to hide chambers, in these chambers the obscure rites were practiced. The interiors of temple are the most noticeable factor of Orissa's temples. The fabulous interior of temple gives a boost to devotee's mind, makes him to think how can such a brilliant design and detail work can be create. Your concentration might be breaks due to eye catching embellishment and carving. After entire small but tremendous designer work, the major factor of temple comes that is picture of God, placed in womb, the idol looks like holiness has still huge brightness to vanish the darkness.

Sandstone Temples :

Almost all the temples of Orissa are made in sandstone, the inside portion of temples is of laterite that is too usually material, which has been used for temple's compound walls. Sandstone had been pitted from close Udayagiri Hills & Khandagiri. As per the proof of oldest sculpted panels; the stones which have been used were imported for wooden ramps that are dependent over wooden posts to create the suitable shape.

Bhubaneshwar' Temples have been divided in categories.

As per the various sites like Khajuraho & Konark, Bhubaneshwar temple's carvings might be categorized in four sections such as:


  • Floral & Geometric decorative motifs.

  • Domestic scenes displaying human beings; major scenes within them are relaxed damsels.

  • Hieratic gods are containing iconographic characteristics.

  • Mythological and composite figures comprise Vyalas & Nagas.

If you will visit Khajuraho temples, you will get to see difference among the architecture & sculpture. But within Orissa state you will get the opportunity to explore the more skill such as relentless ornamentation, caving transformed in miniscule etc.

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