At a Glance :
Region : Entire Orissa state
Originated In : During eighth and eleventh century
Oddisi dance form is a one of the prime and popular dance form of Orissa state. odissi dance is so much famous that it has given a national and international popularity to the Orissa state. Orissa dance is one of the cultural dance forms of India. This dance was originated in the temple; usually it is practiced by the Devdasis. It is a historical dance type, if you want to enjoy the entire Odissi dance, then you need to attend the whole dance performance. Through this dance, the Odissi dancers depict the historical sculptures, inscriptions within the temples like Brahmeswara also in Konark and Sun temple's dancing hall. During the 1950, the whole Odissi dance was refreshed through the Adhinaya Chandrika and also the sculptured dancing poses, which was founded in the ancient temples of Orissa.
This is a classical form, which was generated in the Temple's religious ambience. This is lyrical type of dance; through the songs they depict the intimate relationship among the music and poetry. This is a noticeable feature of the Odissi dance form. This is very elegant and delicate dance style, in which the dancers express the emotions through effective facial expression and body movements. The history behind the Odissi dance was started in around eighth to eleventh century, at that time the emperor were feeling proud, if they are having excellence in the arts like dance and music. During that time the inscriptions depicting Devdasis means the women who have been donated to the god, there images were carved in the beautiful Brahmeshwar temple. Within the temple, the Devdasis was an essential aspect to practice all the rituals, Devdasis were performing each and every work or ritual from early morning till the evening of legend Jagannatha, his temple is placed in the Puri district of Orissa. During the twelfth century, the Geeta Govinda, Jayadeva, Odissi dancer's Bible was written, which majorly contains the high dominance of Orissa's arts. Orissa state's Ashapadis having the particular talas and ragas. In the fifteenth century, while the dynasty of Surya, the expressive dance or Abhinaya came into the art Culture of Orissa. At that time, Abhianaya Chandrika was written by the Maheshwar, it has explained the style of Odissi dance; at present the dancers refer this for study of Odissi dance.
In Orissa state, during the sixteenth century there was only 3 types of dancers such as Nachunis, performing in royal court, Maharis, performing in temples and Gotipuas performing in gymnasiums, Gotipuas were also performing among the public. Religious Revitalization of eighteenth century has seen the revisit of patronage temple in the arts. The Maharis were gradually vanished and their position was captured by the Gotipuas, in this the young males were dressing like girls. The performing boys first gaining the training within the Akadas of physical culture & these dancers have stored the bace of reconstruction of historical tradition of dance.
The technique factors of this Odissi dance is depend on the Chowka means manly pose, while dancing the weight of the entire body is gets divided on body's both sides equally. This is a pose of Puri's legend Jagannatha, this showcases the elegant, balanced and pure quality drama of legend Jagannatha. The pose of Jagannatha is similar to the Sambhanga as per weight technique. Another is Abhanga pose; in this the weight of body is misplaced on any other side of body, because of the deviation of one knee on the other knee in half sitting and also standing poses. Then tribhanga pose comes, it is a 3 times bending pose, in this numbers of triangles are made in body. The dancer makes the bend in torso, knees and neck. This dancing pose is very much famous, which has been showcased in the female sculptures, which has been inspired by the iconography of Hindu concept. The interesting and attractive feature of the Odissi dance form is body postures of dancers that are not a factor of vocabulary. The dancing poses of Odissi display the various moods and emotions to convey the message.
The verses, which generally used in Odissi dance for the narration, are highly elaborate in suggestions and content. The perfect example of this is Geeta Govinda's Ashtapadis. Numbers of believes would join in the explanation of various dance's expressions. This includes the devotional and spiritual aspects and also the Sringara. Through the simple way, they express the human characterizes in god and factors of Godliness within the man. Odissi dance's Abhinaya is more classical and evocative; it is always show by the Nritta, this works as connection among the 2 ideas or verses. In the beginning of the dance performance, dancers first display the Mangalacharan. Pravesh – Rangamancha enters on stage with different flowers. After coming on the stage, Rangabhumi Pranam is a salute to stage and also earth.
This is as per the Ishtadeba Vandana means bend made by the dancers for favorite deity. When the greetings practiced for the guru, goda and audience, the Trikhandi Pranam is always performed by the dancers. The entire dance performance gets the conclusion by Angali Hasta, it means devotion and greetings. Odissi dance also contains the original dance form called as Batu, this dance has been came from the dominance of the Tantric worship generally done for Balukeshwar Bhairav, this is one of the feature of Shiva. After this, Pallavi is performed by dancers, which is a fine blend of music and dance. The Abhinaya comes later on, containing performance of lyric. At the conclusion part, the Moksha is practiced.
The costume of the Odissi dancer is as classic & elegant as this dance form. Female Odissi dancers wear silk saree, they draped it in comfortable and practical style. They also wear ornaments on head, which are known as Kapa and Mathami, on wrist they wear Kankana, they adorn ear by Kapa, Tayila or Bahichudi is armlet. Female dancer wears Padaka Tilaka in the neck. Dancers tie their hair in knot, and decorated it by Tahiya, this ornament showcases the tower of temple. They wove the various beautiful flowers in the hair. The soles and palms are majorly colored by the red liquid color, which is known as Alta. The music instrument player joins the dancers, majorly the Pakhawaj instrument player, singer and flutist. Dance is a very expressive medium of man through which he shows his different emotions and feelings. When all types' emotions and expressions combined in the classical mould the Odissi dance generates.