Sikkim is a blend of beautiful culture, various communities, customs and religion. Here, people reside with true harmony and peace. Sikkim has the ruling family from Tibet. It was under the British rule. Prior to the British rule Sikkim was totally dependent on Tibet. The British rule came into existence in the year 1890. Sikkim merged with India in the year 1974 and was known as 22nd state of India. Sikkim is considered to be the safest state of India. It has a very low rate of crime. As China is present near this region, proper measures are taken that the armies of India covers the border and safeguard the country. This provision of armies also benefits for respecting the state and its culture, tradition, projects and development from any non native person.
The People here are quite friendly and are with natural gaiety. The rituals and the customs here are very diverse and ethnic as they inhibit the land. The communities that reside on the land of Sikkim are LEPCHAS, NEPALES, BHUTIAS and the very small amount of LIMBUS.
The people live in perfect harmony enjoying the culture and tradition that are based on the land of Sikkim which has three major communities residing and developing in this state. The major language spoken here is the Nepali and is also well known as the state language. It lies perfectly in the nature of the people residing here that matches with the name of the state that is given to the stateas Sikkim which means perfect harmony peace and a happy home.
The beauty of Sikkim can be seen in its art and crafts which is noted in the woolen carpets with the picture of dragon and the other eight auspicious signs along with wood carving, Lepcha Handlooms with the beautiful traditional designs, clothes blended with the vibrant and rich colors, Bags, Lenin and accessories, leather handbags and the jackets, articles and the crafts from the homemade papers. Sikkim has the beautiful collection of Jewelry as there are many experts in this region. There are the very famous Thanka painting that has the religious paintings along with the fascinating collection from the Jewelry and handicrafts.
Those who are fun loving and want to enjoy their life to the fullest. This is the best place to feel it with the ongoing festival of Sikkim. Life in Sikkim is as beautiful as the other states in India as it also has deeply routed in religion. The Majestic and the most beautiful Mount Khangchendzonga - which is the earth’s uppermost, best mountain range that plays prominent role in the Sikkim’s life. The people visiting on the land of Sikkim have the unique opportunity that they can participate in the festivals and the ancient culture with the rich heritage of Sikkim. You can also experience the warmth and the love of the people here with the beautiful hospitality nature.
The people here are fond of celebration. That may be the chasing of the evil spirit or another occasion of New Year celebration. Apart from this if the visitor is quite fortunate then there is a chance to prepare the millet Chaang which is a preparation from millet. They follow special way of serving people that too in hollow bamboo pipe.
There are various festivals celebrated in Sikkim. People here follow Buddhism and Hinduism comprise the main religion here. The tradition of the Lapchas plays a major role in preserving the culture of Sikkim. Enchey, Lachaung, Phoodong, Pemayangtse, Rumtek and Tsulakhang. People visit the monastery to study deeply about Buddhist culture.
Cuisine of Sikkim :
There are many varied types of cuisines as there are many communities. Rice is the staple food of Sikkim along with consumption of Meat and other dairy products. Sikkim also has the traditional for of fermented food and special beverages. Food here also depends on the attitudinal variation, wheat, buckwheat, finger millet, patato, soyabean, barely etc. are grown in this region.
Momo is the most popular delicacy that Sikkim has. It is made of meat dumpling.
Thhupka or Gya Ghuk :
It is a soup based on the noodles generally with the blend of the meat or the vegetables.
Ningro with the Chirpi :
Ningro is alpine form of the fiddle head fern and the tendrils of the fern are sautéed with a cottage sauce made up of cheese which makes the dish irresistible. The people here consumes many and large variety of the wild fern that are grown here in this region which is consumed with the soup. This makes the chirpi very delicious. The recipes for the soup for the wild fern are very famous in this region along with the Himalayas. Generally, this dish is not served in any of the Hotel or Restaurant as is preferred as house hold dish.
Kimena curry :
It is one of the tradition soups comprising of the soyabean fermented that gives the unique flavor and is consumed with the dish curry, also considered as the substitute for meat that can also be had with the cooked rice.
The other dishes that are famous in this region are Gundruk & Sinki, Chhurpi soup, Tama curry, Masauyra curry, Khalo Dal, Saelroti, Shimi ko Achar, Pakku (Mutton curry), Kodo ko Roti, Phapar ko Roti, Silam ko Achar, Phulaurah (Buckwheat fritter), Chambray (fry-cooked rice), Til ko Alu (Potato curry with sesame seeds), Sishnu soup (Nettle leaves soup), 'Mohi (Butter- milk), Dahi (Curd), Raksi that is all decorated and served in the dishes of Sikkim.
Sikkim is a tiny beautiful state situated in the eastern part of India among the Himalayas with the deep valleys and steep mountains. It lies in between 27° 5' N to 20° 9' N latitudes and 87° 59' E to 88° 56' E longitude. It is situated in between Nepal to its west and China to its northeast and north. It shares its border with West Bengal in the south.
Sikkim is oblong from north to south measures around 100 m kilometers and west to east around 60 kilometers. The total landmass is around 7096 square kilometers. Close to the 3 quarters of perimeter, Sikkim covers the land most of the land west and in the east including the range of the mountains that lies in the north. The southern part of Sikkim covers the entire range Himalayas that opens to the Bengal and then it get divided in Rangeet and Teesta that flows down the land.
Physical Features :
Considering physically, western border of Sikkim are covered by Khangchendzonga and the beautiful Singalila Range. The northern part is covered Donkia range and the eastern is with Chola Ranges.
It is extremely cold as it is present in between the mountain ranges and the presence of rivers that creates the cool climate. Summers are quite humid.
It has dense forest that has the lush green site covered with crawlers and creepers along with the canopies of plantain, bamboo, tree ferns and many other species of Kapok and Sal. During summer, the meadows come alive with the myriads of beautiful flowers.
Buddhism is the major religion in Sikkim that has been arrived from Tibet in 13th century. It took around 4 centuries for the Sikkimese and later 3 Tibetan monks who belong to Nyingamapa order, very dissatisfied with the arrival of reformist Gelukpas, moved away from Yoksum that lies in the western Sikkim. When consulted an oracle, these people went to Gangtok in search of Phuntsong namgyal which was crowned as first Chogyal for the “Rightois King” in 1642 of Denzong. Being religious head and secular, he became very famous in Tibet and was able to bring the sweeping reforms in Sikkim. After few centuries, the territory was handled to the Bhutanese, British and the Nepalese.
How to reach Sikkim :
There are many modes of transport available to step on the land of Sikkim. This beautiful paradise is connected with railways, airways and roadways. Even though Sikkim is situated in the hilly region, transportation facility available here is quite comfortable and frequent to get the fun of most beautiful valleys.
Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri are the two nearest railway station that is located in the west Bengal.Siliguri is at the distance of 114 kilometers and NJP is around 125 kilometers from Gangtok and is well linked with the major cities of India. Ticket reservation is available from Sikkim Transport Office that works in all days.
Roadways are considered to be the lifeline of Sikkim. The National highway 31A connects Gangtok to Siliguri. While raveling on this road one can witness the beauty of nature with the lush green scenaries of forest that resides on the bank of river Teesta on one of its side and high mountain ranges touching sky on other side. There is regular bus service offered by SNT along with the private buses and taxis that can be hires with the requirement of time at the reasonable rates. The roads here are interlinked by motors that are available in all season.