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Home » East india » Sikkim » Information » Geographics
Sikkim Places to see GEOGRAPHICS

Location :

On the borders of India and Nepal.

Capital :


Main Language :

Gurung, Rai, Sherpa, Mangar, Taman and Sunwar.

Dialects :

Tibetan dialects.

Area :

The total area of the state is 7096 sq km.

Terrain :

The hilly terrains of Sikkim have Precambrian rock that is prone to erosion. The forested lands of Sikkim are widely spread on hills and the soils of hills are fertile to support deciduous forests.

Climate :

Trt eclimat eof Sikkim shows a great diversity ranging from tundra climate in the north to sub-tropical in the south. The tundra type climate in the north keeps the area covered by snow four four months isn a year. The snow line in the northern Sikkim ranges from 20000 ft to 16000 ft. During Monsoon, heavy rainfall occurs which makes journey in Sikkim a dangerous affair.

Other languages Spoken :

Tibetan, Bhutia and Lepcha languages.

Important Tourist destinations :

Gangtok city.

Caves : Laringvigphu, Dechenphu and Pephu.

Zemu glacier situated at the base of the Kanchenjungan in northwestern Sikkim.

Monasteries : Tasuk-La-Khang, Enchey Monastery, Tashiding Monstery and Rumtek Monastery.

Monuments : Tasuklakhang, The Royal Chapel and Dul-Dul Chorten.

Expedition to Kanchenjunga Peak.

Best Time to Visit :

Two different favorable time period; March to May and October to December.

Transport :

Sikkim is devoid of any airport solely because of the rugged terrain. However, airport project at Pakyong is supposed to get accomplished in 2011. Nonetheless, a regular helicopter service is available at Sikkim connecting Gangtok to Bagdogra. It operates once a day and carries only four people.

The nearest railway stations from Sikkim are situated at new Jalpaiguri and Siliguri. However, the state government has taken up a project named New Sikkim Railway Project that will connect Rangpo town in Sikkim with Sevok. The project is due for completion in 2015.

The state has two national highways, National Highway 31 and National Highway 31A, that connects Siliguri to Gangtok. There are bus and other transport services like trucks that move within Sikkim regularly. The road connectivity within Sikkim is comparatively better than rail and flights.

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