At a glance :
Region : Sikkim.
Prime Tribes : Bhutias, Lepchas and Nepalese.
Real Inhabitants : Lepchas.
Tribes of Sikkim state is one of the essential and large parts of the population. It has hugely contributed in Sikkim state's transformation. Sikkim state is one of India's those state that is discovered by large numbers of tourists. Sikkim state's tribal folk are simple and very modest; this state's tribes feel very proud about their beliefs and Culture. One prime similitude that is located in between whole Sikkim state's tribes & rest of the hilly people is a proof that all tribal people are very simple and little soft spoken.
The prime reason behind their huge down to earth attitude & also life style is the reality that the larva of consumerism has not infiltrated in their household and majorly in their lives. The essential and prime tribal communities are Bhutias, Lepchas, Nepalese and Shutias. Within the developed area of Sikkim state a number of dwellers have been settled & those people are almost involved in Government service and business. Due to state's development activities, such as making of bridges, roads and buildings a tiny portion of Sikkim state's population contains outside laborers that belongs to Nepal and plains.
Bhutias is one of the chief tribes of Sikkim state. This tribe's people are of Tibetan origin. They have shifted to Sikkim state maybe after the fifteenth century. Within Sikkim state's northern side, where this tribe is prime inhabitants, are famous as Lachungpas and Lachenpas. They communicated with each other by using Sikkimese language. They always prefer to live in huge village, if you will compare Bhutias tribe's village with Lapchas tribe village, you will find the difference. This tribe's house is known as Khin, they majorly construct their house in rectangular shape.
Bhutias tribe's male's traditional attire is called as Bakhu, it looks like a loose cloak, and its sleeves are always full. Bhutia tribe's women prefer to wear Honju, made of silk, accompanied blouse of full sleeves & slack gown. This tribe's women like to decorate themselves by wearing weighty ornaments, made by real gold.
This tribe of Sikkim state is real inhabitants of this state, they are famous as Lepchas. This particular tribe has existed before the identity of Nepalese and Bhutias tribes that have shifted to this state. Before accepting Christianity or Buddhism as a religion, the older Lepcha tribal people believed in Mune faith or Bone faith. This faith is primarily dependent on good, spirits and bad.
Lepchas tribal people worship mountain's spirits, forest and rivers; these are natural things for the tribal people. This tribe's folklore is wealthy by stories. This tribe is located in Sikkim states central point. This area includes the convergence of Lachung, Dickchu and Lachung Rivers.
These tribals like to live in a simple way. Lepchas's men wear their traditional dress that is known as Pagi, created by cotton that is stripped. Women like 2 piece dresses. People talk in Lepcha language, even this language is not too developed, but this language is very much rich through it's vocabulary that is connected to fauna and flora of Sikkim state. This tribe's people too have skills of archery. Lepchas tribe permitted polyandry marriages.
Nepalese tribe appeared in Sikkim state after the existence of Bhutias and Lepchas. This tribe's people have migrated in huge numbers and quickly influenced the tribal community. At present, it has a huge population that is more than eighty percent.
This tribe's people have invented a new type of cultivation that is terraced system. Their essential cash crop is cardamom. Besides, Tamangs and Sherpas, Nepalese tribal people are conventional Hindus along with the common cast system. Nepalese tribe's language is very much known, in the whole Sikkim state, people speak this language. Their Nepali language contains resemblance with Hindi and it has been invented from Devnagri script.
The customary Nepali male has huge double breast attires down the waist & trouser called as Daura Suruwal. Nepalese tribal female also has double breasted attires along with the cords to tie over both sides, it is smaller than Duara and it is called as Chow Bandi Choli. This tribe's people wear a shawl that is called as Majetro. Along with their whole traditional attire, they also carry one more essential thing that has become the Nepali community's identity, Khukri. This weapon has become a synonym of their culture. This weapon has a very sharp angle, edge. They carry this weighty weapon in leather or wooden scabbard, which is called as Daab.
Sikkim people are very warm by nature; they are very friendly and simple. Their rituals and customs are as varied as racial that occupied from this land. This state's people like to celebrate each and every happy moment with lots of enthusiasm and energy. Whether it is celebration of special occasion or pursuing away evil spirit, Sikkim state's people arrange and enjoy it with brave abandon. Fortunately, if any one of them is lucky he or she could influence the Sikkimese to provide Chang. Chang is grounding from soured millet. They serve the drink by containers, which are made of bamboo along with empty bamboo pipe. They contain one more thing that present, their culture's expression through their crafts and arts.