Understanding keenly the history of India, new Harappan locations have been discovered in North India. The pre-Harappan age (2800 BC - 2300 BC) and Harappan era (2300 BC - 1800 BC) when combined together is known as Indus Valley Civilisation. However, the preceding vedic age (4000 BC - 2800 BC) is called as Saraswati valley Civilisation. The pre Harappan time period is characterized by architecture, settlement pattern and beautiful potteries.
Revealing the largest site of Harappan Civilisation, Rakhigari has been excavated and brought back the Indian history of Harappan Civilisation. Rakhigarhi can bring many questions in front of us about the relationship shared between the Vedic civilization and the Indus Valley.Rakhigarhi lies on the bank of the Saraswati River which is now known as the dried bed. Senior Archeologist truly believe this site as a mark of new beginning.
Pre Harappan and Harappan site with the proof of ploughed fields. Cultivation with the large quantity of sesame, barely and mustard have been found on this site. Wooden plough was used for ploughing can marked as remarkable evidence. New counters for the civilization can be seen here.
Kunal represents the pre Harappan site. Two crowns of silver assumed to be worn by the Queen and the King decorated with silver and gold on it in an earthern jar have been found here. For the first time in history, the crown has been found in any of the site. This site speaks about the Harappan people with three stages of development from pit homes to regular rectangular and to square dwellings on the surface.
The Agroha site takes us to back to the 3rd century BC. It is the period where there was a discovery of the coins apart from stone sculptures, iron implements, terracotta seals, copper equipments, shells and many other things.
Mittathal depict three stages of Harappan Culture.
In 1967-1968, the archealogical exploration of Ghaggar valley, Sirsa District, the survey discovered around 54 sites painted in black, grey and red, wares and many belonging amongst the Rang Mahal Culture. Harappan settlement here however could not be located.
Metadiscription - The excavation of Haryana has marked its importance through the studies of Rakhigarhi, Banawali, Kunal, Agroha, Mittathal with the new discoveries.