This fort, as the name gives a clear idea, belongs to a ruler named Raja Karna, in Thanesar in the district of Kurukshetra, Haryana. The name here is ‘the kila of Raja Karna’, but actually the fort is pronounced by the residents as ‘Raja Karna Ka Kila’. The greatest significance of this fort is that it holds traces of life during the Protohistoric period. Let us get more information about the fort.
The kila of Raja Karna is a massive mound structure, spanning about 5 km from Thanesar, towards the approximate southwest of it, in Kurukshetra. The general level of the ground sees the mound 10 m high above it. During the built up, there were excavations carried out, in which was revealed a three- fold sequence of historical importance. There were quite a lot of excavation and findings done in the kila of Raja Karna, since the time when the fort was left abandoned after the last ruler passed away. According to the findings, there are periods named after the consequent phases of excavations - period 1, period 2 and period 3. Period 1 finds that the mound of the kila of Raja Karna seems to be belonging to the 4th century BC, and served as the occupational center for them. Periods 2 marked the occurrence of metal and earthen ware, and the scripting of various languages, like Brahmi, and writing legend using it. Period 3 is known to have witnessed the use of lakhauri bricks and glazed ware in the pre- Mughal times. Plastering of the bricks with lime and using them was also signified in this period.
About 200 m away from the main mound, there’s another mound that revealed the habitations of the protohistoric living, which belonged to the later Harappan civilization. This mound brought to sight a 1 - 1.5 m thick soil topped complex structure of mud - bricks. This structure consisted of twin rooms with no roofs. A bigger room consisted of a refuge pit, a fire place, a corn bin, and an oven. Small rooms were squared and possessed a tiny entrance door in the southeastern wall. The bricks that have been used in the structures are about 400x20x10 cm in size. Crystal, agate, jasper, carnelian, steatite, etc. were found to have been used to make beaded architectures in the fort and the protohistoric civilization.
One who wishes to visit the kila of Raja Karna in Haryana, can have Chandigarh as the nearest airport, Kurukshetra as the nearest railway head, and for those who choose to travel by road, the state offers a bus stop at Kurukshetra from where buses fetch you to drop by the fort.