Haryana is the Northern state in India, which is bounded by Uttar Pradesh in the east and Punjab in the west, whereas, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan is to the north and south of Haryana. Chandigarh which is its capital is also its union territory. For its administrative progress it is divided into four divisions which are Rohtak, Gurgoan, Ambala and Hissar. Surajkand Crafts Mela which is famous internationally is held every year in the month of February this festival promotes handicrafts and Indian arts. The Kurukshetra Festival and Mango Festival are also the popular annual events. The other famous tourist complexes in Haryana are Dabchik, Jungle Babbler, Kala teetar, Yadivndra Gardens and Badkhal Lake. Haryana being a cradle of Vedic Civilization and Indus Valley which flourishes on the banks of the lost Saraswati River. Being on of the wealthiest states of India the third highest per capita income in the country, this has the largest numbers of crorepatis in India; this state is also the largest manufacturer of tractors, passengers’ cars and two wheelers.
The Yamuna River runs with its eastern side boundary. The historical Sarasvati River is said to have ran from Yamunanagar, but right now it has been disappeared. Ghaggar River is Haryana's major cyclic river. The Ghaggar rises at Himalaya's outer, among the Sutlej & the Yamuna and comes Haryana close Pinjore, Panchkula district. Going through Hissar & Ambala, it arrives at Rajasthan's Bikaner and flows around two hundred ninety miles ahead disappearing into Rajasthan's deserts. Aruna was the River Markanda’s historical name. A cyclic stream such as Ghaggar, the origin point of this stream is in the Shivalik Hill's lower area and comes into Haryana close to Ambala. While monsoons, this stream enlarges for its devastating power.
The climate of Haryana is similar to the other northern states of India. May and June are the hottest months here and December and January is the coldest months, rainfall is varied with Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. About 80% of rainfall occurs in the monsoon season and sometimes causes local flooding. Thorny, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the monsoon, a carpet of grass covers the hills. Mulberry, eucalyptus, pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai, panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog. More than 300 species of birds are found here.
Haryana state has arranged a number of complexes for tourists, camping sites & motels to endorse tourism. During 2001 – 2002 years, around sixty five tourists have explored this state. The Haryana Tourism Department of Haryana organizes one of the flourishing tourist programs that are benefiting the state. The complexes built for the tourists got the name after when the birds were founded their. Few complexes contain dormitories and also restaurants. On the highway of Delhi Agra, you will get to see Badkhal Lake and Rajhans hotel. On Delhi Chandigarh highway there are Skylark, Karna, Kingfisher and Parakeet Lakes you can see. At Pinjore, the Yadavindra Garden is located, this is a must see place. During the national highway of Delhi and Fazika you will get to see Flamingo & Surkhab.
The Kurukshetra is holy pilgrimage for numbers of tourists and Hindus of entire world, people come at to this place to experience the place where the great Mahabharata war was happened, Bhagvad Gita's place etc. on the background cultural traditions & historical, this place has been converted into the developed city which has, Museum Sri Krishna, Brahmsarovar & Science Museum. This district is a favorite place of tourist, and it contains around three hundred sixty Tirthas that includes historic & religious importance. Around one hundred thirty four tirths out of three hundred sixty tirths are still sustained through Kurukshetra district's Development board.
Haryana state's people are straight-forward, simple, and hard-working enterprising. From historical times, the Aryan people are following Vedic religion. In ancient times, the regional people of Haryana are surviving from lots of upheavals but by keeping the traditional greatness and glory till this day. People have stored the historical Vedic traditions. The people of Haryana rejoice the festivals along with huge energy, enthusiasm and traditional passion. Every religion contains their particular festivals, musical instruments, folksongs and famous folklores etc. in the farm work, the women of Haryna's men folk help them with huge enthusiasm. The regional people have very sober food habits. The people of this state are popular because of their faith on love and profusion of curd and milk in their daily food.
Within the Haryana state, the religion is always seen as a prime base of society's structure. During the oldest time, the people of Aryan were following the Vedic religion. After wards, numbers of religion has been formed such as Jainism, Buddhism, Sikkhism and Islam and they influenced huge numbers of people. the teachings of Swami Dayananda had been highly amazed the regional people and also Arya Samaj captured the numbers of followers which belong to the Haryana state's Hindus. At present the population of Hindu people within this state is around ninety percent, 4.5% Muslim people are resided in this state, 6.2 % Sikhs and 0.10% Christians. The people of Hindu religion had been separated in the various castes such as Brahmins, Aggarwals, Jats, Rors, Arora Khatris, Gujars, Rajputs and Sainis. Within them, the people of Jat caste got the success in capturing the greatest position within this state, as a biggest section of state. As per the occupation also people had been separated such as Lohars, Telis, Nais, Sunars, dhobis and Lohars, all these people have been spread in the entire state, majorly within the village area.
Jat community's people have been spread over the Haryana state. This community's origin is really a mystery. The Jat community contains about 1/5 Harijan people. Due to different privileges and facilities offered through Government, the people of Harijan section are also bravely participating in each and every activity. Haryana state's Muslims are majorly Meos and they are highly resided in state's Mewat region. Even if Muslim religion's people are not promoting their religion they still have formed 3 individual categories of their religion. The peak class caste of Muslim has been decided by the Sharaf or Asharf, the second highest caste is Ajlaf and last is Arzal. They also contain the converted people from other religion and Muslim Rajputs. Haryana state's Sikhs usually reside within the districts like Kurukshetra, Ambala and Karnal. Even Sikh religion has their separate individual castes such as Aroras, Jat Sikhs etc. almost higher than seventy percent population are completely living over the agriculture. The festivals that are celebrated in Haryana are Diwali, Holi, Gangore, Teej, Janamashtami, Dusshera, Baisakhi, Lohri, Guggaapir, Chetar Chaudas Mela, Mansa Devi Mela, Madlia Naumi, Nirjala Akadshi and Sili Sate.
Haryana has a network of 44 bird-named tourist complexes dotting the five national highways that pass through the state. Aesthetically designed, the tourist complexes run by Haryana Tourism are replete with beautiful lakes, picturesque landscapes, golf courses, bath complexes, and tennis and billiards facilities. Some of the tourist complexes in Haryana are Badkhal Lake, Dabchik, Jungle Babbler, Karna Lake, Kala Teetar, Kingfisher, Parakeet, Magpie, Rajhans, Skylark, Sohna, Surajkund and Yadavindra Gardens (at Pinjore). The resorts in Haryana are as follows Badkhal Lake, Koel, Shama, Gauriyya, Flamingo, Blue Jay, Shikra, Myna, Neelkanthi Krishna Dham, Maqpie, Red Robin, Bulbul, Dabchik, Surkhab, Tilyar Lake, Grey Pelican, Papiha, Oasis, Parakeet, Saras, Puffin, Myna, Sand Piper and many more on the list which goes on and on.
Museums in Haryana exhibit artifacts that throw sufficient light on the ancient civilization that flourished in the state. These museums in Haryana are the major crowd-pullers from all parts of India and also from different parts of the world. These museums in Haryana house various artifacts relating to tribal art, science and technology, current archaeological developments and rare and significant antique pieces, etc. The museums in Haryana are also involved in several activities, such as, holding art exhibitions, displaying new discoveries, and undertaking programmes to educate the public about the rich culture and history of the state. Among the museums in Haryana, the Site Museum, Pinjore is one of the prominent museums which had been constructed to preserve and put on display the works of art excavated at the time of the scientific cleaning at Bhima Devi Temple, Pinjore. This temple belonged to the period from 8th to 12th Century, A.D. With the initiative of the Haryana Tourism Corporation, this museum was founded at a cost of about twenty lakhs. The list of the Museums in Haryana includes City Museum, Doll Museum, Sri Krishna Museum and Government Museum & Art Gallery.