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Location : Near Gurgaon, Haryana
Famous for : Exotic Birds
Best visiting months : December, January
Situated on the road connecting Gurgaon to Faruknagar, Sultanpur National Park is named after the ruler Sultan Singh. Lying at a driving distance of about 50 kilometer from Delhi, this Park is the home of several species of avifauna including abundant species of migratory birds that flock to this marshy place every year in the monsoon season.
The potential of the place as a bird sanctuary was recognized by the ornithologist Peter Jackson. Due to the ever-increasing importance, the place was declared a bird sanctuary in the year 1971. Later in the early nineties, it was converted into a National Park. It was the effort of Peter Jackson who requested Indira Gandhi, the then prime Minister of India, to award the status of a bird sanctuary to Sultanpur.
Attractions of the Place :
Sultanpur National Park is stretched over an area of about 350 acres. The place is laden with lush green trees and vegetation. Bunches of bougainvillea can be seen flourishing here and there. The place abounds in a variety of local and migratory birds that offer myriad opportunities to the bird-watchers to spend quality time. One can watch habitats, eating and nesting habits of these birds; the place is a delight to photographers who can capture the beauty of these lovely creatures. The birds come in different forms, hues, and textures. Their vibrant colors and flexible body movements are enough to catch the fancy of the tourists.
The park is full of chirping sounds of different avifauna; the melodious songs that they sing and enchanting dances that some of them present can make anyone forget his tensions. The place is a haven for ornithologists and researchers who get ample opportunities to watch these birds swimming, flying, feeding, and making nests.
New Developmental Steps :
The Wildlife Department of the state has taken several steps to refurbish Sultanpur National Park. A number of mounds have been constructed; tube wells have been dug; a variety of additional trees including species of Acacia, Neem, and berries have been planted. Efforts have been made to spread information regarding the importance of nature and natural life. For this purpose, an education center has opened that caters to the needs of ornithologists and bird-lovers. Films on bird-life and slides showcasing different bird species are also available for exploration. In order to aid in looking, the authorities have constructed watch-towers or the sake of visitors. Accommodation, parking, and dining facilities have also been provided to the guests.
The Education center of Sultanpur National Park acts as a medium for information dissemination. Vivid descriptions are provided for the colored photographs of about 70 species of birds. A separate room dedicated to Salim Ali, the famous Indian ornithologist has been constructed. This room carries the pictures and their explanatory descriptions that were written by him.
Avian Species :
The national park is adorned with a large variety of avifauna that comprises both local and migratory birds. The resident varieties include species like Purple sunbird, Little egret, Mynah, Bee-eater, magpie, Crested lark, Spotbill, Francolin, Spoonbill, Cattle egret, Great egret, Parakeet, Stork, Weaver bird, Bulbul, Kingfisher, Cormorant, and Greater coucal.
A large number of migratory birds from cold places like Siberia come here every year. More than 100 varieties of such birds flock to this place in the winter season. Most common birds that throng to Sultanpur National Park include gadwall, Common teal, Greater Flamingo, Wigeon, Redshank, Northern Pintail, Rosy Pelican, Bluethroat, Spotted sandpiper, Starling, and Pipit. Some of the birds also arrive in the jungle premises in the summer. Comb duck, Golden Oriole, Grey Heron, Night Heron, Cuckoo, and Blue-cheeked Bee eater are the common summer birds.
Accommodation Facilities :
The Tourism Department of the park runs a lodge that offers air conditioned rooms to the guests. There are several cottages, a bar, and a restaurant that cater to the needs of the guests. If coming from Delhi, one can find excellent accommodations there.