Baspa Valley :
Another grandeur among the vast array of valleys of Himachal Pradesh is also popular by the name Sangla Valley. It is one of the most splendid valleys of Himachal Pradesh and the best one in Kinnaur. The starting point of this valley is in Karchham, which is 1999 m high. The Baspa River from the east joins the Satluj River in Karchham itself. The main center of the Baspa Valley mountain ranges is 2680 m high. Branching off the Baspa Valley road takes place from the Hindustan- Tibet road, where the river junction arrives, and then the road turns south to cross over the River Satluj as a bridge and finally reaches Karchham. From here the Baspa Valley road can swerve southeast to merge at Chitkul via Sangla. The Satluj at Karchham confluences with the course of the Baspa River and the latter’s source becomes a narrow guage.
To talk about the Baspa Valley, it is the most alluring site to be at, when in Kinnaur. This valley is very beautiful and romantic, with lush green pasture lands on either sides of the valley. Near the valley, there are meadows burst with flowers and fruits of various colors and fragrances. The scent of the flowers and the flavorful fragrance of the fruits make you feel as if you are in the paradise of perfume. The uppermost regions of the valley equal half of the total length of the valley. There is a village Chitkul near the valley heights, which is covered in snow for most time of the year, with lands barren and dull.
The Sangla valley is situated at a height of 2680 m and is also the Headquarter of the Tehsil administration, which has a small population. There is a temple located at a height in the valley, famous as the Bering Nag and is dedicated to the Jagas God. Also, there is a Buddhist monastery in the valley which is a place worth visiting once. Every year, the months of August and September witness the celebration of the Famous Fair Fulaich. The Sangla Fisheries Department has established and organized a Trout farm in the river, visiting which provides a great sight of plenty of trout fish playing in the water. The Fisheries Office there provides fishing license and with that you can begin your fishing adventure in the Baspa Valley.
The villages in the valley have a typical Architecture which they have all used for building their homes. It is the peculiar wooden architecture, with inner walls and floor of the houses being of wood. This is a measure to deflect cold away from the house. All the furniture in a typical valley house is made of wood and beautiful wooden carvings enhance the décor of the furnishings at home. Just about a kilometer away from this village, there is a Saffron Farm. Also, the Tibetan Center of wood carving is here.The Sangla or Baspa Valley opens up beyond itself to show slopes rich with dense woods and from a distance, the village of Chitkul appears to be a spectacle of the fairyland. The old-fashioned houses, gompas, temples, and the people of the valley summon up to be an ideal picturesque of the Shangri - La.
There are several passes which connect the Baspa Valley with Garhwal. These passes are positioned along the valley’s southern ridge. Few of the passes are named as Shinka, Borsu and Kimlay passes and these lead you to the Har Ki Doon valley, which is also a very famous valley. The scenery of the hilltops covered in eternal snow and the charm of the picturesque landscapes of the Baspa Valley and the whole of Himachal Pradesh is no less than bewitchment and a sight that will lure your mind for a lifetime.