India is a art nation and miniature painting is one of the beautiful art forms of Indian art. Pahari is a famous term which is used for paintings; created in the number of states in the sub Himalayan. There are many schools where Pahari Miniature painting flourished and developed about nineteenth and seventeenth centuries in Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh then partitioned in 22 small principalities, that time it was under the rule of Chieftains or Rajput kings, they themselves were expert in the art and most of them were maintaining a sanctuary. To the Mughals ,rulers of Pahari were tributary and they always came to the Mughal Imperial court that’s why they were very familiar to the traditions and tastes of the Mughal. Until the end of the empire of Mughal, there were a number of painters who got trained within pure Mughal style which migrated to hills. The land of the sub Himalayan which attracts the painters and poets enjoyed the advocacy of Pahari princess. Miniature painting; the dynamic full of flowering painting taken place in the places such as Mandi, Bilaspur, Basohli, Nurpur, Kullu, Guler and Kangra.
Guler Kangra Style :
Eighteenth century's new style influenced almost all the Pahari Miniature painting center. The painting style of Guler kangra exposes the more green expenses and vegetation. At Kangra valley ,paintings have rivulets and brooks element which are very common objects of a painting. The fine style painting of Guler Kangra is distinguished within the beautiful faces which got great care by the accompanied Pahari artists. The graceful beauty of Himachali women is nicely showcased by the artisans in the style of Guler Kangra. Despite the excellent brushwork and noticeable fitness, Kangra miniature painting is eye catching because of its vegetable or natural color and use of skillful or expert mineral, which displays the enamel.
Miniature Painting's Phases :
There are 2 parts of Pahari painting's development,the older part started from the seventeenth century which was extremely colorful within its primary expression, it was fulfilled with emotional and force intensity. This old part of Pahari paintings could be famous through its oval faces, round chins, fish shaped eyes, decreasing forehead and permanent noses. In the Pahari Paintings, bold shapes or figures can easily but carefully put opposite the yellow, red, brown or green color background. In the painting, the sky was displayed by the artisans by just using the narrow strip and pigmy trees which adds the view of perspective. In the new part of the Pahari Miniature painting, which started in the eighteenth century,the painting style changed; and the new style generation was developed in the area of Guler. This second part's paintings are mostly influenced in a natural manner. The lines which were toned down to get the required lyrical object is now in the second part seems to be flowing in a way of rhythm. The color pattern also changed with time
Fresh and cool color and the Guler Kangra painting became a more expressive painting.