Key Facts :
Minimum Temperature : -40°C (Ladakh Region)
Maximum Temperature : 40°C (Jammu Region)
Three Main Regions : Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh
Languages Spoken : Dogri, Kashmiri, Hindi & Ladakhi
Best Time To Visit : Jammu - October To February
Climate in Jammu and Kashmir is probably the prime factor that makes it tough for the tourists to resist. The difference in climate of Jammu and Kashmir is quite high and this state probably has the maximum climatic variation in India. During the time of summer, the temperature in the state can go beyond 40 degree Celsius and while in the middle of winter the temperature falls below -40 degree Celsius. The monsoon in this state also shows diversity in terms of rainfall. In Jammu, monsoon can bring regular rainfall, while in the Ladakh region an entire year may pass by without rainfall.
Climate in Jammu :
The region of Jammu has three seasons which is usually seen in most part of India. The best time in Jammu is considered to be the winter season which begins during early October and continues toll the month of March. The climate in Jammu becomes fresh and lively just after the end of monsoons during the month of October. The temperature during t his time is pleasant for tourists and the sky stay clear showing no signs of sudden rainfall. The weather completely changes in winter and during the months of December and January Jammu experience a temperature of 5 degree Celsius at night.
The variation of the climate in Jammu is evident from the summer season. The place where winters and so freezing, becomes unpleasantly hot and dry during the summer. During the end of March, the temperature in Jammu starts rising and by May-m June the weather becomes turns quite uncomfortably hot and dries as well. The land becomes quite dry and dusty since no rain fall is noted during this time of the year. Even at night there is no drop in temperature and the weather remains equally uncomfortable. The rise in mercury continues till the end of the summer season. The average day temperature during the end of summer is also noted to be at 40 degree Celsius.
The monsoon in Jammu arrives in the beginning of July month but the discomfort caused by the high temperature doesn’t continue till then. The weather in monsoon is basically hot and humid as compared to the summer which is generally dry and hot.
Climate in Kashmir :
As compared to Jammu, Kashmir has a favorably weather as it is much cooler than Jammu. The weather in Kashmir becomes highly clement during the month of May and June. During this time when rest of the Indian plains stays hot and airless, Kashmir provides a good respite for the Indians to breath easy. During this period, the average temperature observed in Kashmir is 20 degree Celsius while the southern part of India experiences an average temperature of 40 degree Celsius.
The benign weather of Kashmir gradually transforms into a hot and humid valley during the month of July and August. However, there are certain places like Gulmarg, Phalgaom and Sonamarg, which are situated at high altitudes, offer a comfortably pleasant weather as compared to the rest of Kashmir. These places offer favorable weather even in the middle of summer.
The harsh cold weather arrives in Kashmir during the months of November to February. During this period the temperature falls below freezing point at night and the day temperature is around 10mdegrees Celsius. The irresistibly cold weather freezes the Dal Lake and Gulmarg turns into a greatest ski resort in India.
Climate in Ladakh and Zanskar :
The cold bite is best experienced in the high altitude places of Jammu and Kashmir. The regions of Ladakh and Zanskar becomes spectacularly cold though heavy snowfall is not observed as Himalayan range acts shield the rain bearing clouds arriving from south. There are several parts of Ladakh where practically no rainfall is noted for years, while in other places deep snowfall is observed, making the climate highly diverse within a short area. For almost 6 months the region of Leh remains snowbound.
Drass is a place within the region of Zanskar which happens to be the coldest place in Asia during winter. The inhabitants of Drass prefer to stay within their homes along with their cattle, goat and sheep during winter. They don’t even take their sheep, goats and cows fro grazing outside during winter and wait in their central rooms until spring. The Zanskar River during this time disappears as much of its length gets covered by ice and snow.
During summer these regions are quite comfortable in daytime but at night temperature becomes freezing.
It is better for tourists to have a clear idea about the climate of Jammu and Kashmir. The diverse weather and the unpleasant cold may ruin a vacation in Jammu and Kashmir. So, take time out to plan for your tri in the state by taking into account the temperature of the state.