Fast Facts :
Region : Jammu & Kashmir, India
Famous Crafts : Carpets, Embroidered Shawls, Silverware, Namdas
Kashmir is popular for its wide array of handicrafts.Most of the people in Kashmir are not only philosophers and poets but are also artists that provide silverware, embroidered shawls, gold ornaments, finely chiselled woodwork of walnut and oak brilliantly colored and painted papier maache and garments made of fur and leather. Whenever any one hears about Kashmir’s handicraft the very first thing that comes to the mind is the carpets of the Kashmiri Embroidery with all other things too. Depending on ones budget there are things available one can get for as cheap as Rs 10 too.
Aptly known and expensive is the carpets of Kashmiri handicraft. This art of carpet weaving came from central Asia in Samarkand and later the Iran artisans modified it. Prince of Kashmir, (Zain-ul-abidin) is accredited with commencing this skill for the first time in this state. In the fourteenth century, Zain-ul-abidin, was kept captive by the afflict of Asia, Tamerlane, Timur the Lame at his kingdom in Samarkand. As days passed, Tamerlane died and the juvenile prince came back to his motherland, also accompanying were many craftsmen and artisans who were also held hostage by Tamerlane. The embroidery industry was specified a new route during the sovereignty of Jahangir, Mughal Emperor. This was wholly accredited to one of the Kashmiri who brought this style of art straight from Persia.
Presently the floor covering come in various sizes like four by six foot, three by five foot and it goes on. This is prepared of untainted wool, pure silk or a small quantity of silk with wool to give it a sheen look. The concluding are more attractive than anticipated for hard work. If one wishes to have a look over the Kashmiri Embroidery carpets one can go to the restaurants they will be used as wall hangings there. One should also be aware while buying them of their quality of a fake thing. Carpets are very easy to come by - in fact it is almost impossible to avoid them. Someone on the houseboat will be either selling carpets, or have a brother who owns a carpet factory. Do go and visit one, most of the weaving is done on hand looms by young boys.
The willow tree that are grown in plenty there in the lakes and marshes of this place, are worned to make quaint objects that are charming in appearance which ranges from the shopping of tables and chairs to lampshades and baskets all this are generally costly. To increase the life span of these products in hot and dry climate it is continuously sprinkled with water to protect them from fragile. Surprisingly sturdy, woven hoops can be solitary by highway. Hazratbal, which is in Srinagar, is the major centre for this. Far less classy are these multicolored floor casings made from cotton and woolen fiber that has been physically pressed into contour. Prices diverge with the fraction of wool - (Namda enclosing 80%) fur being classier than one (enclosing 20% wool). Embrodiery of Chain stitch in cotton and woolen thread is vocationed on these carpets. One can evaluate the diverse types in handicraft emporiums of Srinagar.
Papier Mache items are instantaneously identifiable as a merchandise of Kashmir. They are usually less expensive, simple to bear and well made. The vital papier-mache articles are prepared in a form and is polished and painted in consecutive layers waiting the concluding obscure design is created. Prices are usually dependent upon the intricacy and superiority of the polished and tinted and the quantity of bullion leaf worned. The gold bar leaf is functional in minute pieces to create a leaf drawing or the other pattern. This is prepared into cutlery, jewellery boxes, letter holders, containers, lamps, trays, etc. The production of this product is made in the cottage business with the casted rough from being prepared in one consign, the polishing and painting being completed in another, totaling the complex and multicolored devises in one another. It is incredibly easy to assemble to visit the factory and witness the procedure.
You can have a look at the customized boots or shoes made by the artisans just in a few days. With this, you get the desired look. The delightfully embellished (Suede coats) are mainly appealing, but you will have to put your sense of right and wrong in the inferiority levels when it comes to the point of fur trim. The equivalent theme goes for several fur coats - fur is supposed to be placed on the backside of its unusual possessors. Animals like Black bear, Fox, Brown Bear Wolf, Leopard, Lynx, and, Marmot are all driven from the steepy slopes by the wild hunters. In addition, as soon as the rearing session is over the fur is immediately exported. The intricately carved designs are a hallmark of Kashmiri woodcraft then one should get a complex relief on every houseboat. One can look for tables, boxes, screens and chests. The woodcarving is relatively inexpensive and inlaid ivory is often incorporated into the design. Items made from walnut wood come from three parts of the tree: the branches, the trunk and the root. The branches have the palest colour of wood, and the trunk the darkest. Branches have no veins; trunks have the strongest marked veins. Objects made out of the root will be the costliest because of the wood used. Kashmir has a broad cultivation of mulberry and silkworms supplied on this fabricate pliant silk. Silk of Kashmir is thin; however, it is very strong nonetheless, as strong as chiffon. Very small amount of silk is meandered in Kashmir.- The term (Kashmiri silk) is used for the silk produced in this state. It is mostly worned to craft saris. Artisans stitch decorative motifs of birds, maple leaves, and other decorative designs. The most popular form of thread work is the chain stitch that is done on shawls and clothes.
The old city bounds with shops where objects of copper line walls, the floor and even the ceilings made generally for the local market. Craftsman can be engraving objects of household utility – samovars, bowls, plates and trays. Floral, stylized, geometric, leaf and sometimes calligraphy motifs are embossed on copper and occasionally on silver for covering the entire surface with intricate designs which are then oxidized, the better to stand out from the background. The word known as ‘Naqash’ determines the price of the object as does the weight. Kashmir's willow is so highly prized, that most of the national team uses cricket bats from Kashmir.