Fast Facts :
Region : Kashmir, India
Famous Types : Wool, Shatoosh and Pashmina
Kashmiri Shawls are noted for their extreme fineness of the cream colored goats known as Pashmina and for the intricate embroidery work. Pashmina is unmistakable for its softness. Pashmina yarn is spun from the hair of the ibex found at 14000 ft above the sea level, although pure Pashmina is expensive, the coat is sometimes brought down by blending it with Rabbit fur or with wool.
Shawl manufacturing has been an art of the Kashmiri people for over five hundred years. The remark ‘shawl’ was not worn until the year 1533, when (Nagz Beg of Khokand) in central Asia arrived in Kashmir, with his chief, Mirza Haider Dughlat. He presented his chief with a portion of Pashmina, and his chief asked Nagz Beg what was it. Nagz Beg answered a (shawl), the forename used by all the locales of (Khokand) for a coverlet ever since that time, this kind of interlacing has been worded as a shawl. The embellished shawl or (Amilkar) was commenced by a craftsman, Ala Baba, who enclosed up some footsteps finished by a fowl on his pure white fabric with multi colored thread. In 1796 a blind man, Sayyid Yehyah, from Baghdad, visited Kashmir and received a shawl from the Afghan governor. Sayyid presented it to the Khedive of Egypt, who in turn presented it to Napoleon. In France, it caught the eye of the French court, which through history had set the fashion in Europe. The subsequent demand was enormous, and in those days, the shawls sold for amounts varying from Rs. 60 to Rs. 7,000. More than 40,000 looms worked day and night in the valley to satisfy the unprecedented demand from Europe. In 1820, the English explorer Moorcroft learnt the art and sent instructions to England. The English weave shawls are not equal to the originals from Kashmir.
The three types of fibers from which Kashmiri Shawls are made are Shahtoosh, Wool and Pashmina. The woolen cloaks of Kashmir, have stunning needlework made on them. Cost of the (woolen shawls) reckons upon the kind of wool worned and the sheerness of the needlework. (Kashmiri wool), called as Raffel, is hundred percent untainted and the needlework done is exceptional in the valley.
Kashmiri Pashmina shawl is one of the popular buying objects at the state. Shawls are decked with beautiful needlework and are enormously soft. The major types of needlework made on the (Pashmina shawls) are papier-mache, aari and sozni. Sozni, embroidery in a pane on the area of this kind of shawl, uses theoretical drawing or stylized fabrics and colorful flowers as designs. Needlework and Papier-mâché is done moreover in broad panel on whichever side along the width of the shawl or swathes the over all surface of the shawl. Patterns comprise of leaves and flowers sketched in black color. Aari is (hook embroidery) that crafts use of floral drawing for its pattern.
These shawls are completed from the hairs of Tibetan antelope. Antelopes are discovered on the Tibetan plateau and the (eastern part of Ladakh); at a height of more than 5,000 m. These shawls are enormously light, soft and warm. Shahtoosh shawls are very costly, as the shortage of the unprocessed material. Shahtoosh shawls might be untainted, made from (Shahtoosh yarn), or assorted with pashmina. Contained by the untainted Shahtoosh shawls, there are a lot of qualities. These shawls are hardly ever dyed and have modest needlework on them.
The other type of Kashmiri Shawls is the Trilateral interweaved lace cloaks that are generally interlaced from the bottom and are sometimes shaped. In dissimilarity, (Faroese lace shawls) are interlaced from the bottom and encloses a middle back gusset. Every shawl comprises of 2 triangular side section a trapezium-shaped back voider, a border action, and generally shoulder shaping.