Punjab is derived from the two major words known as “Panj” that means “five” and the “ab” which means “water”. Punjab is a place which is combination of five major rivers namely - Ravi, Indus, Bias, Sutlej and River Jhelum that runs in the southeast direction running across the entire state. The grounds of Punjab have the land that belongs to the prehistoric Indus Valley Civilization. It is the place where there was the beginning resolution of the Aryan race which took place on the very fertile soil during the period of 1500 BC. Punjab is the best place for the Indo - Aryan culture and there was Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, ancient Macedonians, Arabs, Turks, Persians, Mughals, Balochis, Afghans,Sikhs and British ruled and amalgamated with the local citizens. During the period of 1947, Punjab was separated in between Pakistan and India. Punjab is bordered in the north by Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh lies in the north east of Punjab and Pakistan is situated in the west of Punjab and to the south east there lies Haryana.
Punjab lies in the north east part of India. The climate here is very hot in summer and very cold in winter. This part of Punjab which is located neat the foot of the great Himalayas gains heavy rainfall where as the region which is located far away from the Himalayas gains scanty rainfall and the temperature here is very high.
The climate of Punjab comprises of the three seasons. The summer, that last from the month of the April and continues to the month of June. The second is the rainy season that starts from the month of July and marks its end in the month of September. The winter here can be experienced from the month of December and continues to the end of February. The later period of the monsoon season and the end part of the winter season are considered as the transitional period of Punjab. Punjab enjoys its rainy season from the very 1st week of July and the rainfall varies from 250 mm that reaches up to 1000mm. The people here are dependent on the rainfall for growth of their field. The monsoon winds are the main reason for the rainfall in the major parts of Punjab from the Bay of Bengal. The winter here in this region goes up to five degree at night and around 12 degree during the morning time.
The transitional period that happens in the later part of the monsoon is very fair and dry. The post winter season of Punjab is full of showers and hail storms that may damage the crops. The climate of Punjab is one of the most important factors that contribute to the economy of the state.
Culture, People and Festivals of Punjab forms vivacious bases of enhancing the social serve. However, the people of Punjab are well known for the strong determination, the culture here is multi - hued heritage since ancient civilization. The festivals are celebrated here with the great charm.
The major communities of Punjab have fertile land and are of Sikh Jats and the Khatris. They are totally involved in agriculture and earn their bread and butter from the income that comes from cultivation of the crops. Few people are also engaged in trade and commerce. The tribal part occupies chief part of Punjab and forms a huge part of the Punjab which comprises of the unskilled labors. The educated and the skilled labors gather the economy for the state. This place is enriched with the sacred and many of the religious doctrines of numerous honored Sikh gurus and the culture here specify the tradition of the beguiling customs. It is connected to the very ancient civilization and culture here is a blend of many conventional practices that similar identity for the palace.
The cheerful folklores, costumes with the vibrant color and the very well known dance forms are the major factors of the festivals of Punjab. The major dance forms here are the Bhangra, Baisakhi and Gidda to the folk music that includes the beating of Dhol. The ancient and the religious festivals symbolize the vibrant energy and the hilarity of the people of Punjab.
Enigmatic essence and the hearty demeanor are associated with the people, culture and Festivals of Punjab. They in all enchant the visitors those who visit the fertile land of Punjab.
Punjab totally has the diverse socio enriching dominations.The people of Punjab are known to be in peace through out many decades.It is internally divided into many caste and creeds, these people strive to construct a unique platform for the development and the growth of Punjab where they can offer equal opportunities to all. It has the population of around 243.59 lakh. The vast and the fertile soil of the Punjab has blend of the vibrant festivals and traditional customs.
Punjab has lip smacking range of Punjabi food that treats us with the wonderful cuisine. It has a blend of the spices and delectable dishes that keeps the visitors mouth watering. It has a high productivity of the cattle which ultimately gives high production of milk and adds the flavor of milk products. It has the cheesy butter, creamy lassi along with sarsoon ka saag, matar paneer, dal makhni and makke ki roti. Also, tandoori rotis, roshan goshts are very popular too.
Punjab has various and enthusiastic dance forms that expresses the cheerful nature pf the people residing here. It includes Gidda, Bhangra, Jaago to Luddi, Kikli, Julli, Sammi, Dhamal and Teeyan all the dances expresses the best form in it.
The state of Punjab is full of colors with beautiful farmlands and the hardworking that live life to the fullest. Besides having a history, the state has a beautiful, lively and a cheerful music.
The Punjabi’s are the assiduous and the industrious people who believe in both play and work. They seek their leisure time in entertainment with dance and the music. The folk music has high rhythmic value. The root of the traditional music is in the western form that includes dhol, mahiya and boli styles. The vocal music has the harmonious voices along with the instruments like tumbi, dhol, dhad sarangi, ektara and algoza.
Punjab is a rich treasure of the arts and the crafts which is well famous all over the world. The culture is very rich in the western part of Punjab that has beautiful handicrafts. The women are involved in carrying the handicrafts of Punjab from one generation to another. Mud works are ancient practices of Punjab. The carpenters of Punjab are involved in the artistic work of the woods, comfortable beds, the bed that are carved are known as Pawas. The other artistic things includes weaving and embroidery, Basketery, Phulkari, Leather Crafts, Pidhis, parandis, Folk Toys, Traditional Ornaments, Frescoes, Mural Paintings, Frescoes and the other arts.
Punjabi’s are fun loving people and celebrate each festival with jest and happiness. Lohri, Holi, Deepavali, Idd - Ul - Fitr and Dusshera are celebrated in a grand way.
Literature of Punjabi has always been a talented one and gives a huge contribution in the entire world with brilliant reputation. It had very rich folk and sufi literature. The literature in itself carries a vast history and it became popular since the first verses of sufi saints. The verse that belongs to sufi sangeet is very popular and everlasting ideas that makes them everlasting and modern too. Literature in Punjabi has a very prosperous oral tradition. It expresses feelings that talks about the community. These poems are written anywhere it comes directly from the mind and sung by the sufi singers. Today, sufi sangeet is famous all over the world. Punjabi literature is full of devotional and the spiritual songs.
The history of Punjab dates back thousand years ago. Punjab which was undivided at that particular moment has been the cradle of Harappa Civilization, Indus Valley Civilization along with the Mohenjo-Daro Civilization. This fertile land of Punjab is even scripted in the great epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. Places like the Kiratpur, Ropar, Dholbaha, Ghuram and Rohira all from Punjab has great artifacts that belongs to ancient period. However, the name of Punjab is used for the very first time in “Tarikh - e - Sher Shah”.
Most important event happened in History :
Punjab had for eternity ranked elevated when it comes to bravery, valor and spirit. The state had major donation to the sovereignty fight back of India although in the course it had to challenge its own pitiable division. Satyagraha, Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre... that includes the names like Lala Lajpat Rai, Ajit Singh, Guru Gobind Singh, Madan Lal Dhingra,Bhagat Singh and the like instantaneously reminded the reminiscences of the resist for Independence of India. The record is never-ending for Punjab that has been amongst the most happening point of struggle. Punjab is now shared by Pakistan and India though the cultures persist to be same on equally ends, separated only in the form of body but not in the form of soul.
Present Day Punjab :
The separation of Punjab amid its atrocious mutiny was one of the largest part harrowing incidents for few people and it go on with to enclose its consequence till the moment. The recently shaped state of Pakistan has, point in time and again, endeavor to intrude the entire of the fruitful manor of Punjab ensuing in incessant atrocities more than many days. But it has been capable to shield herself in opposition to all chances and have enhanced significantly. The affluent location of the state of Punjab in terms of cultivation, diligence, edification and all supplementary fields provide evidence the obstinacy that is so inimitable to the state of Punjab and its people.
The state include an vicinity of 50,362 sq. km and is bordered by Pakistan in its west, Jammu and Kashmir in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the northeast and Haryana & Rajasthan in the south direction. The prolific terrains duration athwart the latitudinal parallel of 29°30' North to 32°32'North and the longitudinal meridians of 73°55' East to 76°50' East. Sweltering summers, hammering monsoons and chill winters represent the climatic circumstances of the countryside that is worn out by the Beas, Ravi, Ghaggar and Satluj rivers and their branch.
The state of Punjab is the division of the Northern abundant plains. Punjab Area encompasses the cities and districts of the state. The name of Punjab is assumed to be plagiaristic from the five rivers that rivulet throughout this region. The provinces of Punjab were ingredient of Indus Valley Civilization. After the separation of 1947, the state of Punjab was alienated into two shares equally. The superior half of Punjab Area has gone to Pakistan and the minor half came to India was further separated into three parts in the period of 1966. They are Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
The total region of Punjab is about 50,362 sq Kms. It dwells in 1.6 % of the entirety vicinity of India. The capital of Punjab is the Chandigarh. Total quantity of districts in the Punjab state is 17. The entire inhabitants of the state are around 20,281,969 according to the survey of 1991. The geographical position of Punjab is 29 degrees 32 minute to 32 degrees 32 minute North Latitude and 73 degree 55 minute to 76 degree 50 minute East Longitude.
The origin head of prehistoric Indian ethnicity, Punjab is well known as the smiling-soul of India which discovers adequate declares in the archives of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the Vedas and the Puranas. The history and the geography of Punjab state can be seen as faraway back from the Indus Valley civilization.
The state that has abundant description and culture observe the opus of Rig Veda was part of a prehistoric center for educational excellence where law, grammar, medicine, astrology, and warfare were taught. Panini's Ashtadhyayi and Yasak's Nirkuta are two renowned Punjabi classics.
Punjab at the intersection of cultural divergence became the crucial summit of Buddhist teachings later than King Darius's conquest. On the other hand the spiritual facade of Punjab undergo a rapid alteration following Guru Nanak Dev to sermonize Sikhism to the neighboring of Punjab.
The productive plains of Punjab swank of generating concerning two-third of food grains formed yearly in India. This is principally outstanding to the abundant mud of Punjab. Climatic divergence resulted in a multiplicity of soil which in due course had culminated into an ample range of crops and flora in Punjab.