Jalore - A Tete a tete with the city
Earlier known as : Jabalipura
Location : North Western India, Rajasthan
Founded in : Some time before 8th century
Best time to Visit : October to March
Local transport : Private taxis, auto rickshaws
Souvenir : All kinds of Rajasthan handicrafts and artifacts
Places to see : Jalore Fort, Mosque of Malik Shah, Top Khana, Jain temples
The Tale of the City
In the 8th century AD, Jalore was a flourishing town and was ruled by the Pratihara kings. It had beautifully constructed temples and magnificent houses. Finally, the fort fell into the hands of the Marwar rulers. In the 12th century AD, Jalore was the capital of the Chauhan Rajputs. The Chauhan Rajputs were the warrior rulers of the then kingdom of Rajputana and today Rajasthan. IN the 11th century AD, a fort was built in the city. In 1310 AD, the Delhi Emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji captured Jalore. Situated at the foot of the hill Suvarnagiri, Jalore,Jabalipura has a history behind it, which is envious and is scented with the victories and the battles of yore.
Jalore - Down the Ages
Today Jalore, the poetic city is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district has an economy that is made up of agriculture and animal husbandry. Gypsum, limestone, granite are produced here. Small-scale industries like leather shoes, marble cutting, granite slabs etc are produced here. Thus, the 12th century capital of the Rajputs down the ages has come to be a flourishing town with the art and culture intact. Today Jalore is also remembered for its poetic works namely “Kuvalyamala” and “Kanhad Dev Prabandh”. Thus the wonderful city with its fine
As we enter the town of Jalore, the beautiful surroundings are juxtaposed with a chivalrous attitude. Jalore is a place which has been there done that. It has seen the town witnessing innumerable fights, challenges ups and downs. It has seen the Rajputana pride shining high and the ardent fervor with which the people of Jalore held their head high in spite of all troubles. The travel kitty here includes collecting items made of granite and marble, and also embroidered shoes called mojaris. Besides, all Rajasthan handicrafts are available here. Jalore is a must see place for people who want to see something different.
Jalore - Joie de Vivre
Jalore, the granite city, earlier known as Jabalpuri was a flourishing town in earlier times and is a flourishing town even now. This town is host to the Jalore fort, which has a pride to uphold and a beauty to show. Jalore is a living witness to things that have happened earlier and a silent spectator to the development that this town has shown. One is filled with a sense of achievement when one visits this place. The feeling is further enhanced by seeing the following places :
Jalore Fort : This fort is famous for its proud past. Built in the 10th century by the Parmaras, Jalore is one of the famous forts in Rajasthan. It is built on top of a perpendicular hill. The simple construction of the palaces is without any kind of outer decoration. The past glory of this fort is expressed in the sentence “Let the sky be torn, the earth turned upside down, Let the iron armor be cut to pieces, heads severed, body fighting alone, but Jalore would still not surrender.” The fort has four huge gates, though the entry is only from one side. The four gates are the Suraj Pol, Dhruv Pol, Bal Pol, and the Siroh Pol. The Suraj Pol is built in such a way that the first rays of the sun reach this gateway. There is an ascent of two miles. The fort has been built on the lines of Hindu architecture in the traditional form.
Mosque of Malik Shah : This mosque dedicated to Saint Malik Shah, was built by Allauddin Khilji. This is built in the centre of the spacious enclosure. Architectural patronage was in vogue from the 15th century onwards. The other mosques are the mosques at Merta, Hindaun, and the Idgarh in Bairat. These were built by the nobles.
Top Khana : This is the most important structure of the fort. This canon foundry was built in 14th century by Ala-ud-din Khilji. These are remains of a grand Sanskrit school, which in earlier days speaks of the grand construction of the school. Raja Bhoj built many schools in Dhar, Ajmer and Jalore. The Dhar Sanskrit school is named as the mosque of Kamaal Maula, the Ajmer school by Adhai Din Ka Jhopda and the Jalore school by the name Topkhana.
During the Rathore’s tenure, the Topkhana was used to store food grains. Today this is protected by the Archaeological department.
Temples : Jalore is famous for its wonderful Temples. Most of the temples have been built in the 8th century AD. The Adinath temple is the oldest one. The mandap was then built in 1182 AD by Yasoriva. This temple is built in white marble and is one of the most astounding structures in the fort.
Parsvanath : The ruler of Jalore built this temple. He rebuilt it in 1785 AD. There is a golden “cupola’ in the temple, which he used for theatre performances.
There were other temples like the ones, which were built for Santinatha and the Ashtapads.
The Jain Temple : This temple is one of the most imposing structures in the fort. The white marble with which this temple is built of, gives it the beautiful look. Besides this, we have the Chaumukhi temple, the Shwetambara Jain temple. This Shwetambara temple was built by the Shwetambara sect. There is a shrine dedicated to Parasnath, which has been built near the Bal Pol. Temples dedicated to Amba Mata, Ashapuri, Hanuman etc are also found within the fort premises.
Nandishwar deep Tirth : This is the one of India’s only seven temples of Nandhishwar Deep. This is a big example of Modern Art. There are 52 houses of Gods with each God having four faces.
Astapadh Temple : This is present in the western gate of Nandishwar Deep. This has statues, which denote the 24 tirthankaras.
The Tower : There is 72 feet tall and 5 storied tower here. This is built of white stone marble. The first storey and the last storey of this tower has a statue of Mahaveer, the founder of Jainism.
The Jalore Wildlife Sanctuary : This was established in 2005 in a remote jungle area. This is the first privately owned Wildlife sanctuary in India. The aim of the sanctuary is to balance the requirements of the local people and wildlife by combining conservation and tourism.
The sanctuary was the brainchild of two people Gajendra and Ravindra two Chauhan brothers in Jalore, the sanctuary city.
The simplicity of the place, the authenticity of the construction, the valor of the past and the exquisitely carved temples all give the require ambience to the place. Jalore thus reconstructs the past and lives in the present. This pleasant blend of the ancient and the modern makes it a town worth visiting. As we leave, we think, “Old is gold.”