At a glimpse :
Location : 112 kilometer from Udaipur city, closure to Gambheri River.
Place : Chittaurgarh, Rajasthan.
Constructed by : Several Maurya rulers (Rajputs of Mewar)
Established in : Earlier period of 7th century A.D.
Main attraction : Various towers and palaces within the fort.
Material used : Granite stones.
Coverage area : 700 acres.
The splendid Chittorgarh fort is located at a short distance of around 175 kilometers which lies towards the eastern part of Udaipur. This majestic fort is devoted to great ‘Chitrangad Maurya Bappa Rawal’ the founder of Sisodia dynasty. The fort is one of the largest houses of numerous towers, temples, and palaces which are placed on a coverage area of over 700 acres. Therefore, this enduring fort is not only largest in India, but in entire Asia which creates a landmark of this country. According to the legend stories, it is said that the Chittorgarh fort is considered to be the first construction prepared with various tactics and is known as the strongest forts, which was ever constructed by the great Rajputs.
The Chittorgarh fort arises like an optical illusion from the adjacent plains below and is placed like a lookout at an elevation of around 180 meters. If you are planning to witness this fort in your next weekend, make sure you visit in an ideal time. To reach at Rampal which is the main entry point of this secure fort, visitors has to pass through various huge gates which leads to this place. There are various Chittorgarh fort history is hidden According to the legend tales, it is said that when Akbar who was the Mughal emperor planned to grab this fort, great warriors of Rajput named Kulla and Jaimull fought with him. They both struggled a lot to save their fort and fought with him till their last breath. Therefore, in the reminiscence of the valiant sons of this land, two beautiful cenotaphs were built inside the premises of ramparts.
To see this majestic fort, visitors from all around the world come here to visit this place. While exploring in the Chittorgarh fort, you can spot various attractions that are worth to watch here. For example, the Rani Padmini’s Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, and Rana Kumbha Palace are some of the name of the palaces that are preserved within the fort. All this exquisite palaces represent the saga of heroism, courage, and gallantry of the formidable Rajputs.
The Chittorgarh fort also is a pristine place for tourist where two tall erected towers are structured; they are named as Vijay Stambh and Kirti Stambh. Apart from the two magnificent towers, this fort also comprises a large number of tanks, Temples, and palaces which were constructed during the earlier period between 9th to 17th centuries. The enormous reservoir is understood to be used by the Padmini Princess for her bathing purpose built in earlier times to her ritual sacrifice in tribute of her husband. In this place, you can also see the Gaumukh which is build by huge rocks and it is shaped similarly like a mouth of a cow. Therefore, Guamukh is known as ‘cow’s mouth’ from where crystal clear water rapidly flows out.
Among the two of the towers, the most amazing one and popular is the Vijay Stambh. It is well renowned for its pedestal built which measures at a height of 10 feet. This tower measures around a height of 122 feet from the bottom and over 30 feet in width. This massive tower are structured in nine storied, which contains over 157 circular stairs to climb and reach at the top. Once you reach at the peak of this tower, you can get to see a panoramic view of beautiful Jodhpur city.
According to the history of the Chittorgarh Fort, it was mainly tried to capture thrice a time by different enemies. In the first time, the person who tried to garb the fort was Ala-ud-din-Khilji. While in the second attempt was the Sultan Bahadur Shah and the third attack and succeeding appropriation of this fort was by the great Mughal ruler Akbar. After succeeding he demolished this beautiful fort and cut down it into ruins. Later on, after the dispute and destroy, the Chittorgarh was never recovered and the ruins was lied in the forts of nature.
Other attractions within Chittorgarh Fort :
Fateh Prakash :
Fateh Prakash is located just few miles away from Kumbha’s palace. It is one of the most contemporary structures in Chittor. This beautiful building was constructed in the earlier period of 20th century. The palace was residence of the Maharana Fateh Singh, who ruled Chittor till his last breath of life in the year 1930. At present one portion of this palace is transformed into a museum, while the rest of the parts are remained closed for the visitors. Inside the museum, there are various collections of treasure from the period of 20th century during the rule of Maharana Fateh Singh. If you are planning to witness this museum while exploring here, make sure you visit in best time. It is open from morning 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. which is an ideal time to witness; it is open all days a week except Fridays.
Kunwar Pade ka Mahal :
Kunwar Pade ka Mahal is the most popular palace which was belonged to the king of Chittor, who built this structure in the year 1450. Fascinatingly, this palace integrates for the foremost time in the architectural style of Rajput’s by using ogee arches. They are mainly shaped in ‘S’ style which later on became a necessity part of the Rajput architecture. There are various forts and palaces which were constructed by using the architectural style like the construction pattern, temples, and step well. While exploring here, you can see that the enduring palace of prince is beautifully adorned with blue tiles that seeks the attention of numerous tourist. Creative use of ogee arch can be visible in the Rana Ratan Singh’s palace which was constructed during the earlier period of 1527 to 1532. He was husband of Padmini where his palace was beautifully styled similarly like the royal residence of Rana Kumbha’s.
Rani Padmini’s Palace :
The palace of Rani Padmini is an alluring building which contains around three storied building with white marble stone. This palace was built in previous era of 19th century, but today you can see some of the renovation of this original structure. This beautiful palace is located at the middle of the lake which is surrounded with water. The main attraction of this palace is the destiny chhatris (pavilions) that are beautifully crowned on the top of the roofs. The idea to construct this place is taken from the concept of the Jag mahal which is even surrounded by lake water. From this mahal, great Mughal emperor Akbar carried away vast bronze gates and fixed them in Agra. Near by to the Rani Padmini Palace, visitors can spot a Bhimlat kund; it is an artificial tank which is dedicated to the firmest of Pandava brother, and Bhima, who played a vital role in Mahabharata.
Palaces of Jaimal and Patta :
The palaces of Jaimal and Patta are the most beautiful two buildings which were constructed at the end in the Chittorgarh fort. As equated to other forts and palaces of Rajasthan, the structures that are built here are small and do not contain any architectural significance. Both the havelis (houses) of Jaimal and Patta were constructed very prudently, taking into circumstances that these two palaces were built more like a simple residence rather than a splendid palace. Today, while exploring in the Chittorgarh Fort, tourist can see are just the ruins and their frontage are small and hardly accept any similitude to the beautiful palaces of Rani Padmini or Rana Kumbha.
In the southern part of these two palaces, there is a three storied tower placed in front of this havelis here. The tower is known as the Chonda house which was constructed in the earlier period of 15th century. But if you see today, only ruins of these two havelis of Jaimal and Patta are preserved in Rajasthan. Chonda was the main originator of Chondawat clan, who resigned from his throne by the pressure of his own father.
Chief entrance to Chittorgarh Fort :
There are many gate ways to the forts that passes through various paths. Tourists from all around the world come to witness this enduring place in Rajasthan state. While wandering in this place, you also spot a huge limestone bridge which is supported by 10 arches that are placed across the river Gambheri. The bridge that crosses the river leads directly to the Chittorgarh Fort. Among all the ten arches, nine of them are very pointed, while the tenth one was built in curve shape due to the mishap. The road way to Chittor is difficult and is place a few kilometers long, containing seven grand gateways forming defensive gate ways. Besides them, the Padal Pol was the first gate, where the Bagh Singh was slashed in the instant blockade by the Bahadur Shah in the year 1535.
If you check out all the forts and palaces of Rajasthan, you will remember that the gate ways are not small. But they are too massive which are structured by huge stones and is beautifully adorned with unbreakable doors to avoid off the elephants and even though the field gun shots. The gates ways of Chittorgarh fort are of well planned and specially designed in architectural interest, in Rajasthan it was for the initial time that the defense was passed away by splendid décor. The arches that adorn the fort are pointed, and at the apex of the gates ways there are serrated parapets that enhance the palace more. The low walls along with the edge of balconies were built from where the archers could easily shoot at their enemies or attackers.
Among the seven gates of the Chittor, the great Mughal emperor Akbar was the only one who dedicated two of the gates to be the brave defenders. There are two ‘Pol’ where both Jiamal and Patta were shot to death in the previous period of time. Bhairon Pol is the place where the Jaimal fell in death by the Mughal emperor’s bullet, while Patta died at the Ram Pol which was the main entrance to this fort that was built in the year 1459. The peaks were crowned by two small beautiful chhatris (pavilions) that enhance the place more with glory. The roof tops of the pavilions are supported by the corbelled arch. On each side of this huge gate it consist a small hall which is another attraction of this palace. After returning back to Agra the great Mughal emperor Akbar ordered some structures of the statues of heroic warriors to memorialize their deaths. Cenotaphs that were crowned on both the palaces of Jaimal and Patta were constructed by the Rajputs on each gate. On the cenotaph of the Jaimal’s palace, you can see a statue of the great Rajput warrior sitting on a horseback, while another one is columned cenotaph lies closure by which is devoted to Raghudeva of the Mewar dynasty.
The eastern wall is penetrated through the ‘Suraj Pol’ which is known as the ‘Sun Gate.’ The Hanuman Pol is located just in front of the Ganesh Pol, which leads to two huge gates that are joined together in a strange manner. The uppermost arch of Jorla which is known as joined gates is well connected to the bottom of the Lakshman Pol. This kind of feature is only deiscovered in Rajasthan and not in any other parts of India.
Fort Temples :
In the western part of the Chittorgarh fort, there is an ancient Tulja Bhawani temple which is dedicated to goddess Tulja. It is the most sacred place which is nestled in Chittor of Rajasthan. Just adjoining to this holy shrine, there is an open wall and buildings of courtyard. It also contains a tope khana (cannon foundry) of earlier years. In this place visitors can also glance at some of the old cannons that are preserved here.
Naulakha Bhandar- Store of treasure :
If translated in English, the ‘Naulakha bhandar’ is known as the nine lakh treasury, which was constructed by the Rana Kumbha. It is a very small castle where all the wealth and treasure of Chittor was collected and preserved in Chittorgarh fort. Originally, the citadel contains a huge walls and lofty towers to safeguard it, but today visitors can see are only the ruins. According to the history of this place, it is said that the ‘Naulakha bhandar’ is the home of the Banbir, who was the usurper.
Shringar Chaori Jain Temple :
In northern eastern part of the Chittorgarh, there is a very small domed shape holy shrine which is known as Shringar Chaori. This temple is beautifully embellished with some of the detailed carvings and sculptures of the gods and goddesses, especially on the exterior wall of the temple. This richly graved Jain temple was constructed within the fort in the year 1448. It was mainly dedicated to Shantinath, who was a Jain ford maker.
The palace belonged to Ranas was structured by great Rana Raimal. It is just a simple building with jagged ramparts, following the architectural style of Rajput that was influenced by the Mughals. This palace was the home for the earlier great rulers of the Chittor, or the Moris from whom the Chittor was clutched.
Inside the courtyard closely encircling the palace there is another holy shrine which is dedicated to Devji. Rana Sanga featured a special belief for the Devji. Therefore, according to the legend stories, it is believed that before any sudden attack outside Chiitor by his enemy, he use to visit this temple first. Once he got the victory, in return Sanga used to pay the respectful deference to his deity.
Mira Bai Temple :
Within the premises of the fort, there are two enormous temples that are maintained and valued to watch while exploring here. Among the two, one temple was constructed by the Rana Kumbha while the other one by Mira Bai. They both were the saint-poetess and also a true devotee of Lord Krishna. The stonework for these holy shrines was carried out from the ruins that were preserved near Chittor from ancient period. The Vrij Temple which was initiated by Rana Kumbha in the year 1450A.D., it is mainly dedicated to the Varah, deity who body is of a human being and head is of a boar. Just closures to both of these temples are two sacred kunds or the reservoirs, where each of them measures around 125 feet in length, 50 feet in depth, and 50 feet in width. Nevertheless, the two kunds were never used as storage of water and it was mainly built for the wedding ceremony of a Princess Chittor to prince of Gagron. In reality, they were fully filled with ghee and oil and were mostly served for the guest and the attendants who witness the marriage.
Closure to the Mirabai’s temple there is a beautiful cenotaph of the Mirabai’s guru known as the Shri Rai Das. Within this striking cenotaph a statue is placed depicting the five figures mixed together with a single head. The sculpture inside the cenotaph signifies that there are no kinds of caste differences and also even society from outside can even reach out to their deity.
Kallika Mata temple :
Bappa Rawal was the founder of the Kallika Mata temple who built it in the earlier 8th century. This temple is dedicated to Lord Surya, known as the ‘Sun god.’ Initially, great Alauddin Khilji demolished in the first discharge of the Chittor, but later, it was again rebuilt by Rana Hammir as a Kali temple during the period of 14th century. This holy shrine consist over five massive chambers; they are all barren of their unique roofs. The wall surfaces of this place of worship are simple but the pelmets are well decorated with beautiful lotus symbols. The inner wall of the holy place represents Lord Surya or Sun god in place surrounded by angels and consorts. The Kallika Temple is embellished with various sculptures and carvings of all the Hindu deities.
While wandering in this place, you can also spot some of the sculptures of Chandra known as ‘Moon god’ that are carved on the wall. The sculptures that are carved from the rock cut is arise up into massive flat ceiling, which is supported by the quadrangular shape pillars, also elaborately engraved and bracketed out at this top. The frame that supports the door of the internal sanctum contains four main ornamental bands with Lord Surya make the main theme of its striking carvings. The total frame is border by a detailed panel in which various carvings of the deities placed around the main figure of Lord Surya or Sun god. The Kalllika temple even today holds the flavor of Gupta’s architectural style, and a dedication within the building update us that it was constructed by the great king Manabhanga.
Kumbhashyama temple :
The Kumbhashyama temple is as alike to the Kallika temple, but this holy place is dedicated to Lord Krishna. Plainness is one of the main themes that you can witness here, but small cavities in the walls are mainly filled with real diamonds and also carry some of the pictures of gods and goddesses. It also contains eight trustees of Chittor. The upper walls of this holy shrine are ornamented with a wall painting of entangled loops. The Kumbhashyama temple comprises various attractions that are preserved here and are worth to watch. But the internal chamber of this temple even today holds its originality.
In the earlier period of 16th century, the Adbhutnath temple displayed a style which was emerged from the 10th century. In this temple, the pictures of gods incline to be in a different way depicted as compared to other temples. There are some of the main image of Lord Shiva and Mahesha which are prepared of wood material. It is a crude portrayal of the natural disaster god.
Brahma Temple :
Rana Kumbha is the main founder of Brahma Temple, which was dedicated to his father Mukul. According o mythological stories, Kumbha was never worshipped here but in reality the name of the Brahma Temple is named after Mukul. When you visit this place, you can see the image of Mukul is set exactly in the middle of the single chamber. Next to this holy place is Charbagh, which is a garden of beautiful cenotaphs where the ruins of each and every Chittor’s rulers are placed here like Bappa Rawal, and Udai Singh II. He was the main founder of the Udaipur city.
The Mahasati is the place where the Ranas of the Chittor were burned to moksh. It is a small veranda which is surrounded by the stones marking the name of sati. It means, it is small Hindu ritual and process where the woman who is widows should be burnt with the dead body of her husbands.
Outside the Charbagh (garden of cenotaph) another attraction of the Chittorgarh Fort Rajasthan is place which is known as Gaumukh. It is one of the repeated fountains where the water is poured out from the mouth of a `cow’. The `cow’ here is in fact a fissure in a rock stone face through which continues water of reservoir flows. Close to the Gaumukh fountain is another popular site known as the Rani Bindar channel which leads into subterranean assembly room where Rani Padmini gave ‘jauhar’ throughout the Alauddin Khilji’s blockade of Chittor.
Inside the same compound, there is an ancient sacred place known as the Sammidheshwara temple where the enterances are made from four different directions. The walls of this holy shrine are too short and it takes the type of blind handrails. The Sammmidheshwara temple also contains some small pillars which are supported to the roofs on the outer part of this holy shrine. The erected columns that support the beautiful dome of the internal part of the chamber enhance this place more with glory. The mid chamber of the temple is largely open on all four directions and the columns assemble in curves in the uppermost reaches.
In Chittorgarh fort Rajasthan contains a second huge tower known as ‘Kirtistambha.’ This structure is known as the ‘tower of fame’ originally devoted to Adinath, who was the initial Jain saint. The height of the tower is measurable around 75 feet lofty and over 39 feet in width to the base. The Kirtistambha tower is richly adorned with some beautiful Jain motifs and designs that please the eyes of visitors with delight and pressure. As similar to the Vijaystambha, this hueg tower was constructed of quartz, which contains a seven storey building with a sticky lump at the front of the structure. A large number of Jain message can be seen both inside and outside of the tower, preserved from 896 A.D.
Mohair Margi :
Mohair Margi is a very small rugged hill which is raised under the orders from Mughal emperor Akbar throughout his military blockade of Chittor in the year 1567. According to the legend tales, all the Mughal armed forces were engaged to elevate a hill as higher as the huge walls of the forts, which will makes them easier to fire cannons into the Chittor.Therefore, for this reason earth soil was excavated and was dumped close to the walls of the Chittorgarh fort of Rajasthan. As per the legend stories, it is said that Akbar paid a revenue around one gold coins that is known as ‘mohur’ for every single basket of mire. Since, due to this task various deaths occurred for getting one gold coin for the work. At the end the heap of the mud reached far above the ground level to the fort walls and the Akbar was easily able to grab hold of the Chittor. It is a must visited site, while exploring in the Chittorgarh fort of Rajasthan state in India.