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Located in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh
Constructed in the year 1565 by Emperor Akbar
Completely made up of the red sand stone
Principally constructed as a military base established by Emperor Akbar in the year 1565, the Agra Red fort of Uttar Pradesh is one of the major prides in Indian history. It had been transformed to a palace, partially, all through the time of Emperor Shah Jahan. In spite of the principal configuration of the fort being built by Akbar, there were quite a lot additions more made to this royal structure by his later grandsons. The enormous fortress is 2.5 kms in length and it is regarded as a forerunner of the Red Fort in Delhi.
The immensely built walls of the Agra Red fort are as high as 20 feet and the entire fort is surrounded by a putrid moat. The Amar Singh gate, which lay towards the south of the fort campus, is the one and only point of entrance in the fort. The other smaller buildings and numerous fortresses like structures inside give a total notion of a smaller city within the greater city of Agra. Numerous buildings inside the fort are now no more open for the visitors to view. There is a marble pearl mosque which is inside the fort and which is one of the most gorgeously attractive mosques in the whole of India.
Diwan - e - Am :
This structure, called the Diwan -e- Aam - a hall for the common guests, had been built of wooden material and architecture, originally. Later on, there were renovations and newer constructions done and the hall was made in the manner, as it stands presently, by Emperor Shah Jahan. There is a clear sway of this emperor in the throne room of the fort, which can be judged by the style with which the carvings have been inlaid and marble panels have been adorned with floral ornamentation. This public hall serves as a courtroom for the common men and the Emperor, and was used for hearing the appeals of the public and meeting the administrative officials. From the Diwan -e- Aam, there led a way to the two most exciting and enchanting places in the fort – the Ladies Bazar and the Nagina Mosque, respectively. The Ladies Bazar was a shopping area, or market, where only ladies merchants and buyers were allowed to sell and purchase items like clothes, jewelry, robes, ornaments, footwear, decorative stuff, other accessories, and so on, only to the Mughal ladies.
Diwan - e - Khas :
The Diwan -e- Khas, used to be one of the most important places inside the fort. This was the hall for all the private audience of the ruling Emperor's family and friends. This one of all the halls was also included in the fort by Emperor Shah Jahan. The hall is segregated into two separate rooms which were linked via arches, three in number. The popular peacock throne was placed here before it got shifted to Delhi by Emperor Aurangzeb and was then finally flew away to the country of Iran.
Octagonal Tower :
This is one more exquisitely carved tower of the forts, which is built in close proximity with the Diwan -e- Khas. Emperor Shah Jahan had spent the final seven years of his life in imprisonment, by his son Aurangzeb, in this very tower. This tower had been used to have one of the best views of the Taj Mahal, but the increased pollution today has diminished the efficient visibility from this tower. The shape of the tower today is pitiable, yet the blank spaces and the inlay works that are empty give an idea of the look of this great old building in its days of liveliness.
Jehangir Palace :
It was the efforts of Emperor Akbar that brought about the existence of the Jehangir Palace. The Emperor built it for one of his beloved sons, Jehangir, so as to provide the prince with all the comfort, privacy and luxury inside the fort.
Mina Masjid :
There is a Mina Mahal located just over the place where the Sheesh Mahal is located in the fort. It is believed that this palace was erected by Shah Jahan to realize his strictly private use. Enclosed on all sides by four high walls, this Mina Masjid housed a Marble Mosque. The facade of this mosque consists of three small, plain and unadorned arches.
Moti Masjid :
This is another magnificent wonder inside the Agra Red Fort, called the Moti Masjid. It is located to the exact right side of the hall, named Diwan-E-Aam, inside the fort. The domes of this shrine can be easily seen from the outskirts of the fort, and hence the Moti Masjid is regarded as the prettiest building of all those at the Agra Fort. How does this Moti Masjid look like? Well, it is a mosque structure made completely of white marble and was built by Shah Jahan so that all the members of his family and all the court chiefs can have an in house mosque to pray. Since the construction of the Moti Masjid is done from full white marble, it is one of the most beautiful and ancient mosques of all those sited in or around Agra. Once, there used to be a time when the moti masjid used to shine like a brand new white pearl, ad upon that only, the name of this mosque had been decided.
Machhi Bhawan :
The Diwan-E-Khas, opposite to itself, holds a place named as the Machhi Bhawan which means the fish enclosure. The ruling emperor of the fort used to sit on a white marble platform which faced the enclosure. This fish field used to consist of marble fountains and pools once upon a tiem, and these were later uprooted and taken away by Raja Suraj Mal, the Jat King, to his Deeg palace.
Sheesh Mahal :
Inside the fort enclosure, there is a place named the Mussaman Burj, opposite to which lays the Sheesh Mahal, meaning the glass palace, or the palace of mirrors, and just above this palace lays the Diwan-E- Khas hall. This palace is believed to have served as a dressing room for the women, just like a harem. The walls of this palace are decorated with little mirrors and glasses, which seems truly ornamental. Due to these best specimens of glass in a beautiful mosaic decoration, this palace and the entire fort has become a destination for such glasswork in the whole of India.
Jahangiri Mahal :
There is the Jahangiri Mahal and the first prominent edifice inside the circumference of the Agra Red Fort. This palace was erected by Emperor Akbar in the form of women’s quarters. This one is the only structure surviving amongst all the original palaces of Akbar. This palace is completely made of stone and it simply has the best decorated exteriors in the fort. This double storied and elegant palace erection strongly reflects the Hindu influence of the fort and the balconies and galleries that protrude from the palace, along with the domed chhatris.
Anguri Bagh :
The Aguri Bagh is a collection of formally builtgardens in the geometric style, spanning for about 85 square km. They lay in the left part of the Agra fort. During the time of Emperor Shah Jahan, the loveliness and splendor of these park precincts was significantly improved with the help and use of attractive ornamental beds of flowers.
Golden Pavilions :
The small Golden Pavilions, many to count, with curved roofs form the Khaas Mahal. The design of the pavilions is based on the roof like shape of the huts of the Bengali village and is constructed from curved bamboo, and these are especially planned to prevent the heavy rains. This kind of a shape was suggested and expressed, at first, in stone by the Royal Sultans of Bengal. The names of two daughters of Shah Jahan are related traditionally to these pavilions, namely Jahannara and Begum Roshnara.
Musamman Burj :
To the left of the Khaas Mahal, or the special palace, is sited the Musamman Burj, a structure built by the great Shah Jahan again. It is one of the most gorgeous octagonal towers and also has an open pavilion. The significance of this place is that it had witnessed the final moments of Shah Jahan in this fort, as this is where the emperor had laid on his death bed, gazing towards the Taj Mahal .
Timings & Entry Fees :
We conclude the wonderful description about the beautiful Agra Red Fort, there is something which is quite essentially informative for the visitors. The entrance and visit to the fort is charged and the fees for foreigners is Rs 520/-, including camera and video recorder charges, while that for Indians is a bit less. The fort is open for tour on all days of the week. Happy journey to Agra.