At a Glance :
Region : Uttar Pradesh
Folk Forms : Charkula, Khyal, Svanga, Chholia, Nautanki and Raslila
Classical Form : Kathak
Regional Form : Ramlila
In the state Uttar Pradesh, Dance is very essential part of their life. You will get to see their joyful life and enthusiasm in their performances with the expressive dance forms. During the Nineteenth and Eighteenth centuries their was great influence was done by the Muslim empire on the various dance forms of India and it was remained in the Indian dance Culture. As Mughal influence is still left on the different aspects of the Indian culture. Uttar Pradesh state is a origin place of classical dance form Kathak, which is one of the great dance forms of India. Dance and act forms such as Nautankis, Ramlila, folk dances belongs to the hills of Kumaon and Rasalila all these forms of Uttar Pradesh depicts the life pattern and customs of their People.
Folk Dance Forms :
This is a ancient dance form, which belongs to the period of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna used to perform this dance form with his peer group. This contains numbers of dances and also the dramas of the whole country, all these dance forms are based on the different themes. In the word Raslila, ras means the joy which Lord Krishna used to do in circle which was made by his wives and maids ( cowheards region) which were called as Braj; and the meaning of Lila is Play or activity. There are different forms in the Raslila folk dance like Ankiya Nat and Krishnattam, these forms are not really famous as the Vrindavan's raslila. All these folk dance forms are believed to be developed and grow during the 16th century because of the dominance of the bhakti wave.
This dance is a derived from the Svanga form and there is believe that this dance form got the name after the famous performance of the Shazadi Nautanki. The Nautanki forms are based on the themes of mythology, historical and also folk stories; they also act on the grandiose epic. Within the act performance, they also use the songs to create more interest but the songs are majorly filmy style. To manage the whole drama or act, there is manager of stage, who handles the 10 to 12 performer. The performer of the act, go to many villages and towns to perform. Their dramas include comic dialogue and scene which makes the whole act exciting. There are 2 main styles of the Nautanki dance and act form such as Kanpur and Hathras. The Hathras style is a earlier style and it was developed by the Natharam and Indarman, because of the dedication and disciple. During the 19th century, performers decided to establish the akharas means the centers of training, in this centers leader who was known as Khalifa is a commander, his order should be the law of center.
This is a main dance form of the India's north side's classical dance forms, these dance forms were grow in the hands of Nawabs. Their major theme, which they mostly use, is Krishna dancing with his friends. The performances of this classical dance require very much energy and strong footwork for the laikari and also the musical rhythm combined with the tabla. This dance form does not come under the folk dance, this classical dance require many years training and practice without this performer can't dance.
It is a folk dance form which is very much famous in the Rajasthan state; but in actual the origin of this folk dance form is not surely known, but people believe that the Agra city is the major center of this dance form. There are various styles belongs to this dance form, which are well known because of their city and the acting way. Examples are like Alibaksh Khyal, Jaipuri Khyal, Gadhaspa, and Abhinaya Khyal. During the festival season, this type of dance performances increases the enjoyment and happiness of the atmosphere. The Khyal plays are majorly based on the interesting content, mythological and historical, sentiment, emotions and brave deeds. In this act performance, they also use the festival music with the help of harmonium, dholak, cymbals and drum. As always every show, clown is an internal factor.
This folk dance form is belongs to the Kumaon region which is at Uttar Pradesh, and it is form of martial dance form. As per the tradition, this dance form was presented by the warriors, on the winning occasion. Now days, it has been performed during the festive season and occasions like marriage, Holi and Diwali. This dance form depicts the skills of acrobatics by using the shields and swords. Chholia folk dance form consist dancing movements like turns, whirls, twists and whirls.
This whole dance form is based on the Mahabharat, the great Hindu epic. It is a very much traditional form. in village areas and rural areas this types of entertaining dance forms are largely performed by the local people, because it is their only source of the entertainment. In Ramlila, they portray the whole Ayodha kingdom, brave and kind Lord Ram, cruel Ravan and Mother Goddess Sita, also the other characters such as Bharat, Lakshmana and Shatrughan. As per the tradition, boys from the Brahmin caste, who known the Liladhari , used to play or act in the Ramlila being Shatrughna, Rama, Bharat, Lakshmana and Sita.
It is a very broad dance form which managed by the leader, who is called as Khalifa. There is one thing, which make the act more interesting is that all men of the performance do the comic action which make atmosphere funny and interesting.