At a Glance :
Region : Uttar Pradesh
Major Artifacts : Moughal Patronage, Ritual Articles
Major Cities : Varanasi, Moradabad and Etawah
Design Pattern : Geometric and Floral
Metal Techniques : Darza and Para
The state itself is a highest maker of the Copper and Brass in the whole India by the numbers of establishments. There are huge ranges in the copper and brass. In the making of metal, every place of the Uttar Pradesh has variety and their unique designs. Uttar Pradesh state's rural area majorly earn in the making of lotas it means a small pot, it is mostly known by its local name, villages are such as Sitapur, Etawah and Varanasi etc. they have some traditional and religious metal articles, which they mostly produce and it is special product of the state Uttar Pradesh. They majorly work on copper such as Panchpatra, this is also made of copper, similar to dish but used to carry the material used to worship the god or else and tamrapatra, it is a copper pot used for the rituals, Kanchanthal, this is also like plate, used to serve the sweets and flower on ritual occasions and Simhasan, this is copper chair, used as sitting chair for the deity. There are also few metal makers which make the icons which are mostly used in the Varanasi. In Uttar Pradesh, there is small village known as a Srinagar, it is very well known for the nice images which are traditional with the major clam eyes. To make beautiful items from the metal and copper, they use two different techniques, one is Para, in they first mould and make the one item from that piece; another is Darza technique, in this sand casting, they use different parts, which are separately made and from the separate pieces they make one item and after that they soldered.
There is a town called Moradabad within the state of Uttar Pradesh, which is compatible place of the metal ware. The metal ware of this place is special because of its engraving and colors. While the period of Mughal, Moradabad town's metalworkers were developed and grow. From that time, their metal worker became a dominator over the market of India for the utilitarian brass. While casting of the metal, they apply the thin size coating made of lac on the metal cast and they trace the design pattern on the article by using sharp pointed pencil, steel and after this, they carved it. They do the decoration over the articles by the golden color, opposite the white background. Workers who work on the brass sheet is called as a Khatera and Bharatias are the worker create the brass. The metal workers create the articles such as bowls, plates, coffeepots, boxes and cups, and they design it by using the geometric and floral design patterns, and for the shinny look they mostly use the resin of vegetable and bright attractive colors. Designs can't be finish to décor anything like the worker use the historical scene of the Mughal Period on the articles; they also use Hindu Scriptures to make the designs.