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Location : Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Built in : 16th century
Importance : One of the largest mosques
An architectural splendor of Islamic architecture, Jami Masjid is counted amongst the largest mosques of India. Built in the year 1572 AD, the mosque is known by several other names like Jama Masjid, Friday Mosque, and Bari Masjid. Located near Agra, Masjid is the major attraction for both the pilgrims and the tourists form around the world.
This magnificent building was built during the rule of the Mughal emperor Akbar in 16th century. The structure is built on an elevation and has a big courtyard in front which is meant for the praying. The notable pieces of architecture that lie near Jami Masjid include hall of Jammat Khana and tomb of royal women called Zenana Rauza. Another important tomb that lies nearby is that of Islam Khan who was a great noble of his time.
The most prominent feature of the mosque is the presence of lattice screens that are built with intricate designs. The structure is built in red sandstone and was later covered in marble. A mosque that goes by the name of Stone-Cutter Masjid is worth visiting as it is among the oldest places of worship in Fatehpur Sikri.
The construction of the mosque was completed in 1649 AD. Built by Shah Jehan, Jami Masjid was built as per the wish of his beloved daughter Jehan Ara. There are three gates that lead one to the interior. There are 3 compartments each of which has a dome built in red and white sandstone. The beautiful archways that adore the structure are quite appealing to the visitors. Inside the courtyard, there is a spacious tank that is meant for the ablutions by the devotees.
The ceilings and the walls are smeared with blue paint. Surrounded by a bazaar, the mosque is approachable by a series of steps. The place is well-known for its proportions and symmetry. A prayer chamber lies in the western direction. Several cloisters are also present; these are adorned with arches resting on the pillars. The most striking feature is the presence of bulbous domes that are embellished with finials of lotus and have alternative patterns of white and red sandstones.
Another Persian feature of Jami Masjid is a fountain that caries 4 kiosks at its four corners. The structure is still in use and every Friday, devotees gather to offer prayers here. Decorated with numerous carvings, paintings, stones, and glazed tiles, the mosque is a brilliant example of the Persian architecture. Dalan, Chhatri, and Chhajja are the important features. The structure is among the major landmarks of the place and is surrounded by crowded bazaars from all sides. The main entrance to the building is doe through Buland Darwaja but the visitors are advised to make entry through Badshahi Darwaja.
The mosque is worth visiting for the tourists who want to explore the Persian architecture. Historians and those who have profound interest in knowing more about Islamic style can also visit the place.