News to Use :
Location : Uttar Pradesh
Capital : Lucknow
Best Time to Visit : October to March
Main Attraction : Taj Mahal - Agra, The Ghats, Imambara - Lucknow
Dudhwa National Park is famous for Tiger Reserve which also has mosaic of grassland, lakes, marshes and Sal forest that makes this park very wild. It is located in Lakhimpur District on Indo-Nepal border.
It is spread over an area of 614 sq kms. Terai eco system is there in this park which is productive and exceedingly diverse and few remaining examples of the eco system.
The Indo-Nepal border falls on the northern side of the Reserve and the southern side has River Suheli flowing. The most endangered and rare species reside here like tiger, swamp deer, leopard, Bengal flovican and hispid hare are found here.
The Dudhwa National Park was earlier as Sonaripur sanctuary which was established in 1958 for the protection of the rare species of deer. There was large number of Swamp deers found which are also known as “Bara Singha” (Twelve antlers) deer which was main kind of Indian Deer. There was an extreme turn down in number of deers so the Sonaripur sanctuary was established.
Then as the need increased the Sonaripur sanctuary was extended to 212 sq kms and was renamed as Dudhwa Sanctuary and then later in 1977 it was announced as the National Park.
In 1988 after 11 years, Dudhwa became the part of the project Tiger so the area of Kishanpur sanctuary was added to Dudhwa sanctuary and the overall area of the Dudhwa sanctuary went upto 614 sq kms. The Reserve has more than 1800 Bara Singha found and are mostly seen in the kakmha and sathiana blocks.
Earlier there were many India Rhino found in the sanctuary but they have been hunted and by 1878 they got entirely vanished from this area. After some time it was feared that disease and epidemics would vanish all the existing population in West Bengal, Assam and Nepal, so they came to a conclusion to distribute them in the other areas which are safer.
There was an experiment held where five females and one male Rhino were kept in Assam and Nepal, and now due to this there are number of Rhinos found easily. Now at this time tourists are not allowed to visit the area of Rhino’s.
The Park also has number off tigers living in the area but cannot be seen easily due to the forest cover and dense nature. They can only be protected by the project tiger so that they can be saved.
The main attractions of the state are Agra, Taj Mahal, Imambara, The Ghats and many others. The best time one can see the animals and birds in the Sanctuary or the National park is from October to March.
There are many options available like the Forest Rest House, lodges, Dormitory, etc which provide basic facilities for accommodation. There are many other hotels and lodges available for the accommodation which have good facility and service available and are located nearby. Lodges and huts are are there for budget accommodation which have some basic facilities.