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Location : Near Govindghat, Uttarakhand
Area covered : About eighty seven square kilometers
Known for : Flowering Plants
Establishing year : 1982
Valley of Flowers National Park is famous for the presence of meadows of flowering plants and medicinal herbs that are known to inhabit this area. Set amidst lofty Himalayan ranges, this park is a blessed with abundant natural beauty and splendid landscapes. The park was declared a UNESCO world Heritage Site in the year 1988. The place is renowned for the presence of the largest number of wild flowers. The park was established to conserve the wilderness of the area near Pushpavati River which flows through the park premises.
This beautiful valley was founded accidentally by a mountaineer called Franksmith during one of his expeditions. As the place is extremely picturesque, it was named "Valley of Flowers". The breathtaking meadows can make one spell bound. One can explore the enchanting beauty of the snow-laden peaks and numerous water bodies that surround the Valley of Flowers National Park.
Attractions of the Place :
Flowering Meadows : There are more than 300 species of flowering plants that bloom and present a breathtaking picture which is alluring to one's eyes. The best time to visit this extremely gorgeous place begins from the month of April when the park gets filled with scents of hundreds of colorful flowers. It is during this time that ice covered on the mountains peaks starts melting; as the season of Monsoon approaches, Valley of Flowers National Park gets painted with bright hues of red, yellow, green , and pink.
As the valley gets drenched with the water flowing from the peaks, countless number of flowering plants, herbs and shrubs start shooting from their seeds and soon the entire place appears to be playing with colors. With the advent of monsoons, plants like Germanium, Balsam, French Blue, Pedicularis, and Primulas cover the entire space. The other species that are known to sprout during this season include Ligularia, Anaphalles Campanula, Rhododendron, Inula, Marigold, Lilium, Corydalis, and Epilobium. The place is home to plants like Blue Poppy, Brahamkamal, and Lily. Such a diverse flora is attributed to the unique ecoregions that support the habitats of such a huge number of flowering plants. A large number of flora consists of threatened species or the varieties that are not found elsewhere in world. Valley of Flowers National Park is renowned for conservin g these species and preserving them in their natural habitats. Trillium govanianum, Bergenia, Oak, Polygonum, Potentilla, and Phlomis are can be seen blooming throughout the park area.
Abundant natural beauty : Apart from exquisite flora that blooms here every year, visitors have the delight of experiencing enormous natural splendor which can be seen in the form of lofty mountain ranges, glistening streams, spotless snow-peaks and numerous ferns and tendrils that can be seen hanging here and there. The route that takes one to the park is also laden with enchanting Roses, Morinas and Uncinata.
Fauna : Valley of Flowers National Park is home to abundant fauna like Red Fox, Black Bear, Golden Eagle, Snow Pigeon, Snow Leopard, Lamgur, Griffon Vulture, Monal, Snowcock, and Sparrow Hawk.
Ghangharia which is a rest house at the forest has two suits that provide comfortable accommodation to the visitors. But one has to arrange for food on his own. There are several restaurants that offer meals to the guests at economical prices.