Quick Five :
Location : Andhra Pradesh
Architectural Styles : Asaf Jahi Style & Qutub Shahi Style
Popular Monuments : Golconda Fort, The Charminar, Charakman & Mecca Masjid
Islamic Architecture, Andhra Pradesh, India :
An elite style of architecture started mounting in Andhra Pradesh which was different from the other parts of India. This style was more based on the expansion of ideas of abroad that the adaptation and development to the traditional architectural to needs of Islamic.
The Deccan Kingdom links with Turkey, Persia and Arabia that were very close and the Bijapur, Bidar, Gulbarga and Golconda were the great fort cities of Deccan that constructed around existing centers of Hindu culture. The Islamic architectural style of North India and the Deccan architecture has lot of difference which includes Qutub Shahi Style.
Indo - Persian Style of Architecture :
In 1347 AD, after the establishment of the Bahmani dynasty, a distinct architectural style of Indo-Persian came into use. It was greatly charmed by the Iran building art.
During the period under review, secular architecture was outweighed by religious architecture and the stress was laid on the military architecture. The Kingdom had strategic points where series of strong forts were built.
In the earlier period the Bahmani style includes both mosques and tombs. The common features of the tombs include a square structure on a plinth with battered walls sloping walls, low flat domes, narrow and tall arched doorways, fluted and parapets turrets at corners.
Qutub Shahi Style :
The Indo-Persian architecture was still continued till the period of Qutub Shahi but was modified by local contribution manifested itself in colossal arches found in Charkama and Charminar in Hyderabad.
The main ingredients used in Golconda Fort, the Charminar, the Royal Tombs and the numberous Qutub Shahi’s mosque are lime and granite mortar. During this period the mosques that were built have roofs with vaulted ceiling and they are domical resting on the intersection of arches springing from the columns. The examples of this type of construction are Baradari of Golconda, the Bala Hisar and Baradari of Bhongir.
The architectural grandeurs that can be seen today like Mecca Masjid, Charminar, Ibrahim Bagh and the palatial buildings like Dadmahal, Gaganmahal and Khudadmahal are regarded to be the wonders of the medieval age.
Style of Asaf Jahi :
In the period of Asaf Jahi same tendency was followed. The Nizam VII, Osman Ali Khan of the Asaf Jahis rulers can be called as the makers of the modern Hyderabad in different ways. The buildings constructed at this time are impressive and showcase a rich variety of architecture which includes the magnificient Osmania University, synthesizing the modern, the ancient and medieval styles of architecture.
The Mughal style can be seen in the sprawling Osmania General Hospital, the Indo-Saracenic style can be seen in the loft High court, the Saracenic-Rajasthani style is used in the well balanced stately Legislative Assembly building showcases his desire to construct majestic and modern Hyderabad. The best examples of the Asaf Jahi style of architecture are Purani Haveli Palace, Falaknuma palace and Chow Mahalla. The people who constructed and the architects have to be congratulated for the things they have created and for their talent.
During the Qutub Shahi period, the Saracenic school of architecture is also prevailed and it main features are the dome, arch and the minaret.
Asaf Jahi rulers are tried and experimented with styles of European architecture and attempted a synthesis of European traditions with Islamic and Hindu motifs and forms. To view the architecture people from various places come and these places are of great historical importance and are preserved with great care.