Fast Facts :
Situated : 29kms away from Macherla, Andhra Pradesh,(India)
Area : 3568sqkm
Named After : Reservoir of Nagarjunasagar
Apt time to visit this place : (October - June)
The Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary is situated in the Prakasam, Mahaboobnagar, Prakasam, Nalgonda and Guntur districts and is located at a distance of 29km from the town of Macherla and 150km from the city of Hyderabad. This sanctuary sprawls over an area of 35688sqkm.
The Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary is bordered by Nallamalai hills on the eastern and southern side and Krishna River on the western side and Nagarjunasagar reservoir on the northern side. This sanctuary got its name from the reservoir located here. This sanctuary also contains a plateau that represents “Archaean”known as the oldest formation of geology that dates back 2,000 million years.
The Flora and Fauna :
This sanctuary boasts dry deciduous mixed type of forest along with bamboo thickets and shrubs that provides shelter to a varied range of birds and animals. The terrain of this sanctuary is winding and rugged through the hills of Nallamalai.Blackbucks, Sloth Bear, Tigers, Mugger Crocodile, Indian Giant Squirrel,Chousingha Nilgai,Tree Shrews, Wild Boars,Rayels,Foxes,Panthers,Jackals,Sambars,Wild Dogs, Mouse deer’s and Spotted Deer’s are the animals you will find here.
The strange part about this park is that you will find tigers very rarely over here\.Earlier the same sanctuary was the home to as many as 100 tigers and now the population has come down to just 20 tigers.
The Prominence of Tiger Conservation :
The Tiger is the only animal over here, which faces threat of extinct inspite of its adaptability, and resillence.The prominence of the tiger reserve is that, it helps to maintain the ecological balance in the nature. The forest in which a tiger resides is always away from the threat of ecological disbalancing and this is more than money. It also includes holding of ground water, preservation of the flora and biomass and preservation of top soil.
Present state of Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary :
Apart from the care taken to preserve the tigers in the sanctuary, there is a rapid decline in the population. Apart from all this there is also decline in vegetation, large mammals (herbivorous ones) also staging an alarm. Much of the area covered by the Nallamalai Hills is destroyed by the human habitat, resulting in the decline of the natural habitat.
The degradation of forest and with the semi arid climatic condition of the region has very badly affected the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary. The Krishna River was a shallow river prior the structure of the Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar dam. This river has become a barrier now for the animals to go from one side to another. A very large chunk of the natural habitat is been destroyed to make human settlements in the northeast direction. This migration of human settlements is disturbing the whole wildlife and acting against the biotic pressure. The sawmills of the village are constructed very near to the reserve. The changes in the settlements are seen as many are involved in agriculture and day by day the settlements is increasing causing a threat for the animals and the nature.
The villagers are also involved in smuggling of timber and other precious things from the forest such as selling firewoods.The Nallamalai Hills act as a giver to the animals as this place is popular amongst the farmer who comes here with their cattle for fodder. So it is advised to the tourist to follow the forest rules and protect the sanctuary from being extinct.
There are many options available here like there are many cottages and guesthouses available here as there is a popular temple situated nearby.
The climate over here is arid and hot. The maximum over here is 42degrees in the month of (March-June) and the minimum temperature over here is 12degrees.Rainy season adores in the months of (June-October).The Annual rainfall is (590-760mm).
For other additional queries, you can always contact :
Field Director, Project Tiger, Srisailam Dam East, Andhra Pradesh - 512102.