Fast Facts :
Situated : Bijapur, Karnataka, India.
Constructed in the year : 1656.
Constructed by : King Muhammad Adil Shah.
A colossal crypt :
Gol Gumbaz, popular as the coffin or the resting area of King Muhammad Adil Shah. He reined the kingdom from (1626AD-1656 AD) and was the 7th king of the Dynasty of Adil Shah. This place also acts as a landmark for the dynasty of Adil Shah as well as of Bijapur.Gol Gumbaz rules the horizon of Bijapur.This place is all the time being horded by tourist and is an important place in the itinerary of Bijapur.
Style of Architecture-ISLAMIC :
Gol Gumbaz, a brilliant illustration of Islamic structural design is seen in a country like India which can’t be found in any part of the world. The structural Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur has a touch of authentic Persian and Islamic style of carved architecture that comprises of geometric proportions, artistic dome and also motifs.
Localized pressure can be observed in the extremely paged drum underneath the bulbous arena, and in utilization of the localized dark brown marble- archetypal characteristic of Bijapur structure of that era.
Gol Gumbaz :
Bahmani realm that straggled over the green Deccan area in the chivalric India was also the 1st self-governing Mommedian state in the southern extent of India. On the other hand,partially after the 15th century, it split into 5 tiny kingdoms also known as sultanates. - Ahmednagar in 1490 AD,Golconda in 1512 AD,Bidar in 1492 AD, Berar in 1484. Bijapur busted away below Yusuf Adil Khan, who was a relative of the Turkey based imperial family and was also the originator of the dynasty of Adil Shahi. Rulers of the Adil Shahi dynasty were big clientele of fine art and structural design and constructed many memorials in the city of Bijapur, that was their major city.
Gol Gumbaz, a carving accomplishment for the dynasty of Adil Shahi and also one of the significant constructions in the city of Bijapur. Outwardly, the crypt is an enormous dice, with octagonal 7 storeyed dome summated by tiny rounded cubical, foretelling at the bend. Each feature of the dice has 3 curves-a big mid arch, edged by 2 smaller curves. Writing on its doorway arch utters that the structure keeps hold of the earthly remnants of King Muhammad Adil Shah. As continued with the 6th tale of the curve loom is a protuberance on the crypt ramparts, held up intimately set range, on top of that is a group of minute domed opening. The ramparts has a decorative edging, further than that increases the rounded arena with a paged drum, that is a archetypal characteristic of Bijapur construction not together from a dock as a substitute of a support and a semi-circular finial conquer the steeples, to signify the kings Turkish source.
Within the vault, there is merely 1 square hall of regal dimensions-each surface of that is One hundred and Thirty Five ft elevated, the ramparts over ten ft broad and One hundred and Ten ft far above the ground. The arena has a width of One Hundred and Twenty Five ft inside with its top over two Hundred ft rise. The crypts height is related to nearby 20 floored constructions. However, in commencing with gigantic extent, the work of art of the complete arena has been cautiously maintained and the ornamental particulars of elements have been included throughout the crypt making a strange excellence of simple magnificence.
The solution to the whole plan, of sustaining the enormous arena over the four-sided figure area below, was determined by building 8 pointed interconnected curves that are completely steady in themselves also bond any shove from the heaviness of the arena. The curves bear a spherical podium on top of, which meet the bottom of the arena. The changeover from a four-sided figure chamber underneath the spherical bottom of the arena was likely by the junction above creating a polygon. The central exterior of the arena is approximately twelve ft away from the inner rim of the spherical construction shaped by the curves, so that part of its mass is transferred unswervingly down on the 4 walls, the residue being conceded on the interconnecting curves.
The unbelievable arena of Gol Gumbaz, amid a length of One Hundred and Twenty Five ft envelops the main never-ending floors across the globe which is of Eighteen Thousand Three Hundred and Thirty Seven ft. The arena of the St. Peter is superior in width by five meters and also rises perpendicularly over a spherical concept of the similar dimension of the arena’s width. On the other hand, the arena of the Gol Gumbaz, that is located over a superior four-sided figure space, wraps the major vaulted area across the globe.
The semi-circular arena of a regular width of ten ft was created out of concentrically coating of block stonework cast in real shaped out of combination of weight and wealthy lime gun. The twelve ft protuberancing above the interconnecting curving forms the sighing balcony, that can be moved towards by a thin staircase inside the left loom. This balcony around the bottom of the arena formed an extremely responsive echo niche, the faintest resonance in it across One Hundred and Thirty Five, resounding 10 times, and therefore 1 duo of ft is sufficient to stimulate the reverberation of stride of a brigade. At the middle of the huge wide, on a lift stage are the empty tomb of the king Muhammad Adil Shah, 2 mistress,daughter,grandson and wives, -their buried bodies located in a vault below easy to get by steps beneath the western entrance.
Nowadays, the city of Bijapur located in Agra, is recognized for its Islam tombstone of the fifteenth to seventeenth century, most of it for crypt which can be hit out from prospectly 10 km. The intelligence of the splendor of Gol Gumbaz and precision of its geometric size, creating a sensitive special understanding, make it one of the wonder of business.
Access Lanes :
Bijapur is very well linked by rail to Badami, Sholapur, Hubli, Bangalore. Starting Sholapur, you can get linking trains for Vijayawada, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mumbai. There are buses everyday from this place to Belgaum, Hospet, Bidar, Bangalore and Hubli.