Malappuram - A tete a tete with the city
Location : Southern India, South-East Kozhikode
Founded in : 1969
Best time to visit : October to March
Local Transport : Buses, auto rickshaws, jeeps, private cars.
Places to see : Thirunavaya Temple, The Jamaat Mosque Thirumandhamkunnu temple:
Malappuram - The Tale of the city
In the year 1969, the district of Malappuram was formed by merging the distant areas of Kozhikode and Perintalmanna, and Ponnani taluka of the Palakkad district. This district has its own historical tale to relate. The Kings of Valluvunad, the Zamorins, the kings of Perumpadappu Swarupam and the Kings of Vettathunadu were the early rulers of this area. The Portuguese, British and the Mysore Sultans had a brief spell here but they didn’t damage the cultural heritage of the country. Malappuram was the headquarters of the district of the same name. Tipu Sultan, the Captain of Mysore had built a fort here which is still there. This was where the rebellion of 1921 started and later suppressed by the Malabar Special Police. Prior to 1947, Malappuram was part of Kozhikode, Ernad, and Valluvanad and Ponnai taluks of the Madras Province. Malappuram was formed out of the Ernad, Perninthalmanna, Tirur and Ponnani taluks in the year 1949.
Malappuram - Down the Ages
Malappuram means a terraced place on top of the hills. It is a picturesque spot with the Nilgiri hills on the east, and has its origin from the districts of Calicut and Palakkad. It was formed in 1969. With a rich and memorable history, Malappuram down the ages
Malappuram - A Rendezvous
Malappuram is located in the district of Kozhikode and has the Nilgiri Hills in the background. Malappuram in Malayalam means a terrace on top of a hill. Malla means “hill”. The place Malappuram has actually been formed from the Calicut and the Palakkad districts in 1969. Mallappuram has thus been existing since long with a very rich history. The Zamorins had Malappuram as their headquarters for military activities. Mallapurram, the terraced land was the place where there were lots of Mappila revolts in the 17th to the 19th century. Malappuram today has 2 revenue divisions, 6 Taluks, 135 villages, 14 Blocks, 5 municipalities and 100 panchayats. It is also the centre of culture and art in the region and is a much sought after tourist destination.
Malappuram - Travel kitty
A person coming to Malappuram would be struck by its natural beauty and ambience and the surroundings enthrall the person enough to make him want to come back again. Malappuram, the earlier headquarters of Kozhikode, today offers the scenic beauty and legendary history as its travel kitty. A person coming here is nostalgic and collects the local articles and artifacts available also in the travel kitty.
Malappuram - Joie de vivre in the city
With some of the magnificent constructions of the past located here, Malappuram, the offshoot of Palakkad, is a place to reckon with because of its immense cultural background. Home to a lot of fairs and festivals, Malappuram has the unique ability of combing heritage, history and culture in one platform. Set in picturesque background, one can find the following here:
Thirunavaya Temple : The Thirunavaya temple is found on the banks of the River Bharatapuzha. Historically famous for Mamangam, which was a meeting of the Kerala rulers, once in 12 years, this city also is the place where the Annual Sarvodaya Mela is held. The Mamangam festival was held in the 17th century. It starts with the Kodiyattam and concludes with the ARakku. The presiding deity here is the Navamukunda or Lord Vishnu.
Thirumandhamkunnu temple : This is dedicated to the Goddess Durga and is an important pilgrim spot. The Annual Pooram Festival is held here in the months of March and April and people
The Jamaat Mosque : This mosque is a very important centre of the Muslim pilgrims. There is a four day long festival held annually and this is usually in the month of April. Near the mosque is a mausoleum dedicated to the martyrs whose heroic deeds have been stored in the Mappilla Ballads.
Other spots :
Nilambur : Nilambur is more known as the place where the Cholainaickans lived. These are the aboriginal tribes of Kerala and they are known as the oldest. The area is called the Canoli’s plot. The District Collector of Malabar was Mr.H.V. Connolly. So this place has been named after him. The major attraction here is the teak tree that is found here. It is one of the oldest and the Nilambur Gudallur Road has a museum for teak. This is the world’s first teak museum. The museum is a sub division of the Kerala Forest Research Institute.
Angadipuram : This is an important centre of pilgrimage for Hindus and Muslims. This place has a temple dedicated to Goddess Durga. It also has a mosque for the Muslims called the Puthangadi Mosque. This has inscriptions in Arabic on the walls.
Kotakkal : This is a small town which is situated around 12kms south west of Malappuram. This is the place where there is a traditional system of health and medicine applied to people wanting to relax or suffering from some health ailment. The Kottakal Arya Vaidyasala is the pioneering centre for Ayurveda which is a traditional system of medicine. This Institute has a research centre, a nursing home and a hospital too. It was found by Vaidyaratnam P. S .Varier, in the year 1902. Today it has branches all over the country. People come here to unwind, relax, and take treatments and to take a wellness break. This superb health spa is a perfect retreat for the tourist.
Tanur Beach : The area around this beach was the settlement for fishermen earlier. Lying on the coast, this small town was visited by St. Francis Xavier in the 15th century. It is believed that many of the local people including the chieftains were converted into Christians by him. The Keraladesapuram Temple is located here and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is one of Kerala’s oldest temples.
Vallikunnu Beach : This is a perfect holiday resort for the tourists and is in amidst a lot of coconut groves. It is the main attraction here and is just a little away from the Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary.
Padinharekara Beach : This is the place where three rivers meet - the Bharatapuzha, the Tirur Puzha and the Arabian Sea. This beach is a lovely spot for its scenic beauty too.
Other cities :
Tirur : This is the birthplace of Thunchath Ezhutachhan. He is today called the Thunchan Parambu. Children of Malayali families take and from here and make their children write first. The sand is kept in platters and the children are made to write on the sand.
Tirunavai : The Thirunavaya temple is found on the banks of the River Bharatapuzha. Historically famous for Mamangam, which was a meeting of the Kerala rulers, once in 12 years, this city also is the place where the Annual Sarvodaya Mela is held. The Mamangam festival was held in the 17th century and the Sarvodaya Mela is held in the Nava Mukunda temple. It is believed that nine great saints founded this temple. Therefore the temple is often respected as the Benares temple of Southern Indian.
Kondotti : This is a place which lies on the way to Malappuram. This is around 18km west of Manjeri. It is an important pilgrim spot for the Muslims. The festival of Valia Nercha is held year every year. It is held in the 500 year old Pazhayangadi Mosque and continues for 3 days.
Malappuram - Entertainment factor
Malappuram is famous for all its temples and looks upon the people to bring it forward on the world map. A person coming here would be entertained by its beauty, ambience, chimera and the grandeur. Some of the festivals and fairs that are celebrated in this city are the entertainment factor to the city. These are:
Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram : This is a very important Malabar festival. This is one of the three important Bhagavati temples in Kerala. The Kodungallur and the Panayarakavau Bhagawati are the next two that are important. This place has the Pooram festival annually in April. The festival goes on for 7 days with a lot of culture and customs observed. This is at the centre of Angadipuram and is around 17 km from Malappuram on the NH 213 which is on the Palakkad, Kozhikode highway.
Kottakal Pooram : This is the main hot seat of Ayurveda. This is famous for the festival held annually at the temple. This is rich with cultural activity and gaiety. There are many classical artists who perform here.
Nilambur Pattu : This is again a very old festival. This is normally held in January. Devotees throng to visit the celebrations here. The festival is based on war and hun ting. There are tribal chieftains who have imported rules to observe.
Kondotty Nercha : This weeklong Festival held in March is conducted in the Pazhayangadi Mosque of Kondotty. Constructed in the 18th century AD, the tomb of Mohammed Shah who was a Sufi saint is also found next to the mosque. This piece of Mughal architecture is the spot visited by thousands of devotees as it has an inter religion look and approach.
Puthenpalli Nercha : This is a structure in the southwest border of Kerala. There are many devotees who throng this place just to see the Ney Chor being given to the poor kids.
Omanur Nercha : This is a famous and popular mosque festival and is celebrated remembering the martyrs. It is just around 6 km from Kondotty.
Mallaparamba Perrunnal : This is a church festival which is held at Angadipuram. The church festivals in Pariyapuram, Chungathara, and Edakkara are famous. The small and the big festivals are conducted in the entire district. Besides, the Bakrid, Id - Ul - Suha and Muharram is also celebrated by the Muslims as also the Thiruvathira, Navrathri and Onam and Christmas is also celebrated here. The whole area has a combined secular fragrance of Oppana Pattu, Duff, Kaikottikali and Margam Kali. There is a tourism festival week during Onam when there are a lot of cultural programs held.
Thus the city of Malappuram, from being a quite headquarters of the Zamorins, is today a city bustling with tourist activity.
As one leaves the place, one only thinks “Unity in diversity.”