Source of the River : Talakaveri of Karnataka
Length of the River : 765 kilometers
Covers the land of : Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
Main Tributaries : Noyil and Bhavani
Most Important Cities : Mysore, Coorg and Srirangapatnam
The Kaveri is spelled as Cauvery and is one of the most important rivers in India. This is also known for its sacredness and one of the favorite pilgrim spots of the Hindu Religion. The river has its origin in Talakaveri, Western Ghats and the Kodagu in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka that runs through the east and south of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu that lies across the southern part of the Deccan Plateau from the low lands present in the southern region and draining its water into the Bay of Bengal.
The Kaveri River runs around the distance of 27, 700 square miles along with the major tributaries that cover Hemavati, Shimsha, Honnuhole, Arkavati, Lakshamana Tirtha, Lokpavani River, Kabini River, Amravati River and the Noyyal. The river has its beginning from the south western part of Karnataka. It runs from the south region around the distance of 475 kilometers just to drain itself in the Bay of Bengal.
Shivanasamudra is the island that is formed from the eastern region of Mysore that has truly awesome Shivanasamudra falls that descends from the distance of about 320 feet. This river forms an important resource of a general irrigation system and also for the hydro electricity power station. The river has been the source for water since many years for all the irrigation facilities and it has served as the lifeline for all the ancient kings and the cities that belonged to the South of India.
Mythology and History behind River Kaveri :
Mythology has many of the stories that talks regarding the Kaveris descent on the earth. The well known amongst them is, there was a King known as Kavera who used to stay in the Brahmagiri Hills, who requested the Lord Brahma for the offspring. Then he was blessed by Lord Brahma with a beautiful daughter who was named as Kaveri. Kaveri is the human form of the water manifestation. The great saint Agastya was one who married Kaveri has contained her on the spouted jug known as Kamandalu. When the land on the earth was need of water Lord Ganesha came in the form of crow had tipped the spouted jug of Kamandalu and had let the out flow of the river.
The Kaveri River is not only the stretch of water but also the drain which is quite active, moving and lively force. It has the visible and the invisible life that totally depends upon the mood of the huge River Kaveri that can either create or destroy. The artists and the poets get intimated by looking at the beauty of the River Kaveri before picking up the pens and the brushes. The engineers have to get into the thorough study after looking at the river before constructing the dams and the bridges. The People who live on the banks of the river are very fond of the River Kaveri and love the river from the core of their heart.
Coorg is first amongst all who receives its water. The drainage of the water from the river Kaveri feeds the entire village and the villagers are proud of the natural vegetation that has been maintained here because of river Kaveri. The land is decorated with the cedar trees and the Sandalwoods on which the beetle wines are clinging on the trees. The cold breeze flowing with this region, cardamom plants and areca plants adds spice to the wonderful atmosphere. The jungle has abundant wild life. The high hills and the dales that belong to the Coorg gives breathe taking views that gives a wonderful treat to the lovers of nature.
Kaveri on its course takes a turn and run in the region of Kushalnagar that has the first and the foremost shrine of Ramnathpura. After the Ravana was killed, it is believed that the Rsama has prayed here to the Eashwara Linga. The beautifully flowing river has the amazing scene, deep gorges and the draining the plains of the tributaries and the river. There are very attractive statues of the Kondandarama and his consorts that are adorn in the temple at Chunchanakatte.
Kaveri when starts flowing in the east direction drains its water in Krishnarajsagar reservoir constructed which is situated at a very short distance from Mysore. This reservoir id decorated with the most beautiful and the world famous Brindavan Garden. The dancing and the musical fountain that is presented in the various colors decorated this beautiful garden and turned it into the dreamland of the evening. It moves forward to Srirangapatnam that has the wonderful sanctuary of birds. The sanctuary was night heron, white crane, spotted pigeons, darter and the numerous plumes, varied range of flock and the most amazing rides that too on the back of a crocodile lying under the sun.
Srirangapatnam is situated at a distance of around 15 kilometers away from Mysore. It was the capital of Tipu Sultan region. There are many minarets standing on the ground and temple of Vishnu and Srirandapatnam in the royal palace. The great Tipu Sultan had contributed the precious Silver vessels that are used for the rituals and Gold jewelry for the temple.
At a distance of around 40 kilometers from Somnathpura on the river banks and is generally for known for Lakshmikeshava Temple which is the splendid evidence for the Hoysala style of architecture and culture. It was built in the period of around 1268 AD under soma, who was a well known officer from the Hoysala Mummadi Narasimha. This temple is considered to be one of the most amazing buildings in the world. The building has magnificent walls and the intricately designed ceilings. The amazing part of the building is that no two ceilings are alike; every wall is differently and uniquely carved engrossing all the beauty in it. The palace has the moving contours of the majestic elephants, galloping horses and soldiers, they also have space for the lights that add spice to the beauty of the palace and reinforce the memorable realism from the stone. Talakad is one of the other important pilgrim centres which are sanctified by the River Kaveri.
It is believed that the River Kaveri flows and changes its direction in four different places. The fact is that the vantage point for all the four directions is the same and it marks its beginning from the temple dedicated to lord Shiva. There are the Panchaingeshwara temples found in the mounds made up of sand.
River Kaveri has its largest mineral deposition and the water of Kaveri covers the vast land. After flowing through this region, the water from Kaveri drains into the waterfall found in the region of the Srivanasamudram. Srivanasamudram is the waterfall who has the potential for generating the hydro electricity has been tapped.
With the beautiful roar, River Kaveri moves down at Barachukki and Gaganchukki silence the onlooker in a mute admiration. This journey of the river then reaches the southern part of the region touching its boundary in the Bangalore District and marking its entry into the Tamil Nadu with the joining of immensely narrow path which is known as Meke Datu or the Goat’s hurdle. The other tributaries of the river Arkavathi and Kanva originated from this point.
On the flourishing land of the Karnataka, River Kaveri has played a major role in Tanjore and Trichuri district of Tamil Nadu.
This is not enough as a part of journey in her last lap, she pours herself into the Bay of Bengal at Kaveripuppattinam after an year of its emergence at Bagamandala and lends belief of rebirth in the Hindu Religion by beginning her journey again from Tula Sankramana symbolizing the new hope, new tide and a renewed faith.