Situated : Ahmedabad, (Gujarat)
Attraction : Harappan Culture and Pre- Harappan related findings
Meaning of this Place : Place of the Dead
Lothal : It is situated in the (Saragwala Village) in Ahmedabad.This place is known for its Indus Valley civilization .The Harappan civilization in its vibrant form is well presented here. The Harappans clinged to this site due to its apt site for rice growing, bead making industry and sheltered harbors.
Lothal enjoyed great profit because of the foreign trade due to the birth of a designed Harappan port town. This site became very busy as an industrial site importing arrant copper and producing spearheads, fish hooks, ornaments, chisels, and bronze belts .These were supplied via normal trade all over western province. This city was destructed due to three high-rise floods.
This settlement was rectangular in shape and was further divided into two parts namely the lower city and the citadel and consisted of five phases of continuous occupation.
The lower city consisted of an industrial area, residential area and market area.
The citadel consisted of a warehouse that was constructed on a high podium with 64 blocks made up of mud bricks. Twisted and baked clay sealings resembling the Indus civilization has been recovered.
The most prominent structure was a two dimensional basin which was covered by baked bricks on all sides with adequate gaps for inlet and sluice gate, which is found was a dockyard for small ships. A Persian Gulf Style seal has been found here symbolizes that trade with West Asia was in progress.
The other findings includes chert blades, fish hooks made from bronze or copper and seals .The designs in the pottery are considered not to be from Indus so is considered to be the signs of regional manifestation.
Outside the city wall, on the northwest side of the settlement, was a cemetery. The dead were buried in an extended position in rectangular or oval grave pits with other objects and pottery intended inside. The unique features found in Lothals graveyard are the skeletons of two people in the same grave.
Town Plan :
The dividing nature of Indus civilization was followed there too like dividing into Acropolis or Citadel and Lower Town. The Acropolis housed the ruler and his accomplices, the houses over here were built 3m high from the ground, with all the basic amenities including under ground drains, well and paved baths.
The lower town was divided in to two sectors. The north south side direction was flanked by shops; this was the main arena for business where ordinary craftsmen and rice merchants use to live together. To the east - west direction was the residential area.
CMC Consideration :
The planning of this civilization was so particular that the engineers planned for a warehouse for examining and storing cargo as well as a dockyard. The main priority was given to the economic prospect.
The dock was built on the eastern side of the town. The location made it comfortable to avoid silting as well as had access to the dock during the high tide.
The need for the warehouse arose, as Lothal had to deal with many cargos. The warehouses was built near to the acropolis on a height of 3.5m podium made out of mud bricks to function as a authorizing house for the cargos coming in and going out.