At a Glance :
Location : Gujarat, Dangs District
Major Tribes : Kukunas, Kamits, Bhika, Warlis, Kunbis Kukanas
Dangs is a gift, which is sent by nature to Gujarat. it is a small district and it has much wealth of forest. Dangs is colonized by original tribes like Kunbis, Bhils which are called as Kukanas, it is situated in the area of Dharampur. Gamits and Warlis are rooted here from a long time. Ahwa is located on Saputara and on plateau; these two places are famous for tourists.
Warli Tribe :
Warlis, Bhils and Kunbis captured the Dangs before the eighth century to the tenth century; Naikas and Gamits came here later. All these tribes are part of the population of Dangis in today's date. It is a contracted blend of many tribes. Even if Dangi has so many tribes, still their cultural development carries the common ethos, through these Dangi tribe personality causes a typical way of feeling, thinking, behaving with mutual sentiments, ideas and beliefs. Warli tribe usually live in a forested area. Warlis live in Vansda taluka, Umargaon, Dharampur, Dang district all these locations are situated near the border of Maharashtra. As per the Enthoven, Warli tribe is a sub tribe of the Bhil with 3 sub groups and several Gotras such as Murday, Davar, Nehri. Most of the Davars are located in Gujarat. Kunbi and Warli tribe speaks Gujarati language. The villages, in which this tribe live, are undeveloped or remote that’s why they are unknown from the other tribes that time villages plays the role of a binding force. They live unknown from the other people in the hilly area,and have no connection with the major population, helping them to sustain their typical traditional lifestyle. Patel accede play an important role in managing the social, individual & religious customs. During weddings , Pagri tying is the custom of the Patel. Burning the slashing the cultivation begins during the start of April and May. They do cultivation during the monsoon season. After that to earn money, they migrate from there to search the occupation. They started collecting honey, Mahuwa, gum, Timroo leaves, Doli, Ambla and sell these forest items in the market. For Warlis, nature is very important, more than cultivation or agriculture. They were known as nature's children. Till now they live independent because of nature. The location where the Warlis are living, geographical situation is appropriate for them. The whole area is hilly, that’s why looking at Falia is possible for them from any other cluster.
In the Mahal village, you will find hundred of Warli houses; it is located in the Ahwa Taluka. In the village, Worlis have a number of communities. To decorate the home, they use Lipan work; they don’t use drawing or wall paintings. Their major income is from agriculture; they farm Varai, Rice, Khulit, Urad, Brinjals and Oliseeds. Cattle herding and farming are the major occupations of this tribe. In the meal, they usually eat Dal, Nagli Ratlo, Warai sweet, and Urad Dal. The attire of this tribal woman commonly wear saris of Maharashtrian style and Dupata or Odhnis, necklaces kanthi, anklets sakar, plastic or glass bangles, earrings which is called as Jhulkha. Plastic necklaces are a modern ornament for the Warli tribe. Ganthi is their traditional jewellery, it is commonly used by the Bhills & Warlis; it is available in silver color. In the wedding ceremony of Warli, Gamits and Kunbis bride gets the clothes from the groom. One person called Bhagat does wedding ceremony and ritual pujas. Warli tribe believes in god of Nag dev Tera and Wagh Dev. It is an original animal symbol of Bhill tribe; it is Dangis sacred animal god. Gamits and Warlis worship the Khatranpujan.
Kunbi Tribe :
The combination of Warli, Gamit, Bhil and Kunbi, can be found in the Singana village; it is situated in the Ahwa Taluka , district Dangs. In Singana village, there are eighty five houses, five hundred people live there . Their house is called as, Pucca house; they decorate it by painting the wooden pillars which are carved. Aged people of this tribe wear khameez and dhoti. Women commonly wear sari in Maharashtrian style in the color of green or red with the designs of flowers. In ornaments, they like to wear silver Bali, Baju Bandh, Kada, golden Kata Nath, Asura necklace and Kada.
Kunbi tribe generally have 3 joint weddings. Mangla Sutra, Jhanhar anklets, Cupboard, Dhorlu necklace consists of the Trousseau on the family side. The bride's in laws usually give Kundala earrings and Teak Nath in the wedding. In the wedding ceremony, bride generally wears the sari in Maharashtrian way and choli. They also wear Odhni which is called as Farki, they also have silver rings in their toes all these ornaments have essential position in the wedding occasion. Kunbi tribe celebrates the festivals like Dangs durbar in the month of March and Holi. They perfom the Waghdev Barasa Puja, in the jungle which is near Sakarpatar. They have a traditional or typical dance forms on the occasions such as Dholak, Sambre, Banjo and Basuri.
Kukna Tribe :
The name Kukna comes from the Kankan armlet, it is worn by this tribe and also because they migrated to Gujarat from some of the Konkan part in the earlier times. This tribe is situated in Valsad, Kuknas, Vansad, Dharampur. They are also known as Kokna or Kokni. People of Kuknas living in Dharampur and Dangs are very similar. The languages they use are Gujarati, Marathi and Hindi. The tribe is divided in the clans and Kuls. This tribe people believe in unity among the community and family; that’s why they travel in groups outside the village.
Kuknas build the walls of houses by using whitewash and mud, their houses usually don’t have windows and the roof of the houses is covered by grass. Kuknas tribe eat natural things like plants, roots, honey and wild animals. Among the all tribes, Kuknas earned a high position because of the improving literacy rate. They make vegetable by using sweet oil, but they don't use spice and Ghee. Kadmai village; where all three tribes Kukna, Warlu and Nayak are living communally. Villagers dont allow young generation to learn art like stone carving, wall painting from the old generation people. They celebrate Diwali festival in bamboo made temple. In the Kuknas tribe, people believe in big or joint families but because of the occupation they also shift to the nuclear family system. For them wedding is very important, even if wedding rituals take place after 1 or 2 children's birth. Festivals like Navratri, Shivratri, Diwali and Dussera are celebrated by the Kuknas.