A plethora of varied ecosystems that thrive in different landforms of Gujarat is the reason behind the presence of myriad types of wildlife here. A great variety of flora and fauna is found surviving in different habitats. In order to conserve such a diverse wildlife of Gujarat, a number of National Parks and Sanctuaries have been created over time.
Gujarat is covered with different types of landforms that have given birth to multiple ecosystems like grasslands, rivers, lakes, dry and deciduous forests and profuse vegetation etc that support a diverse and unique wildlife. The National Parks and Sanctuaries of Gujarat are home to rare and endangered species of animals and plants, which forms the superb wildlife of Gujarat. Some of these rare species are the Asiatic Lion, great Indian bustard and Black Buck.
These natural conservatory areas protect species of mammals like the ass, gazelle, jackal, antelope, hedgehog, lions, and birds including kingfisher, flamingo, stork, coot and grebes. In total there are twenty one sanctuaries and four national parks that are the breeding grounds of these exotic species forming the wildlife of Gujarat.
Gir national park is the biggest one in Gujarat. Situated in Junagadh, this park is stretched over an area of about 260 sq kilometer. It is the home of the Asiatic lion, chinkara, chausinga, chital and hyena. National Marine Park which is also India's first marine park is famous for a set of islands that it is supposed to protect. Black Buck Park, a conservative area of the endangered black buck species,and also preserves houbara bustard and herpetoufaua.
As far as sanctuaries are concerned, the second biggest one is the Wild Ass Sanctuary. One can see the Asiatic asses, jackal foxes, Nilgiri antelopes and gerbils here. A number of wetland birds can also be seen in this sanctuary that is spread over an area of 4953 sq kilometer
Nalsarovar is a bird sanctuary of Gujarat that is home to about 250 species of birds. A variety of migratory birds find shelter here in the winter season. Another bird sanctuary of Gujarat is Khijadia. It has three towers that are meant for bird-watching. There are boat facilities also in the watchtower area. One can get a glimpse into the habitats of birdlike blackwinged kite, imperial eagle and herons.
Among other National Parks and Sanctuaries of Gujarat, Velavadar National Park and Purna, Balaram Ambaji, Barda, Narayan, Jessore, and Kutch sanctuaries are worth- visiting by the tourists. Kachchh Desert encloses a massive wetland area that supports a bewildering variety of birds and animals. It is the largest sanctuary of the Gujarat state. Earlier being the excavation site, this place has been a point of interest for archeologists, researchers as well as tourists from around the world.
If one is particularly interested in watching sloth bears, then Ratanmahal is the perfect destination. This sanctuary is important from ecological point of view as it forms a famous catchments area. A reservoir and a dam serve to conserve the nearby area.
Gaga is a place of bird like pelicans, flamingoes, and some of the rare species of bustard. It is a home to butterflies, honeybees, and other insects.