Location : about 13 km from Aurangabad
Built in : 12th century AD
Daulatabad Fort is one of the most magnificent and incredible forts situated in the world. Built in 12th century AD, it happens to be one of the strongest standing structures and well renowned architecture to be built during the ancient medieval times. The Daulatabad Fort is one of the most elegant structures to be built in the state of Maharashtra. The fort also happens to form a part of the beautiful Daulatabad city. Which was in earlier times also known as the city of Devagiri.
The Daulatabad Fort is a magnificent site of massive architecture built perched on top of hill, at a height of about 60 ft, dating back to the 12th century. It is also known as one of the strongest and impregnable forts of Maharashtra. People from around the world love to visit this fort for its renowned architectural basis, which is astounding. Some of the interesting facts about the Daulatabad Fort are the city’s name which was redefined due to this famous structure. The city was first known as Devagiri, and was later changed into Daulatabad named after the Daulatabad fort, which was founded early in the year 1187 AD by the famous Bhillamraja hailing from the Yadhava dynasty. The city’s history stated that over the years the city changed hands though various Deccan dynasties that ruled it. It was also stated as the capital of India, under the rule of Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq, who in fact gave this beautiful city its name Daulatabad which also translates as the city of Fortune.
It was a fact that even 800 years ago the city was one of the flourishing destinations of India. The Daulatabad fort had stands covering it by thick solid walls of stone which are almost about 5 km long. The walls are entered only through the spike gates. The slide ways of this fort combined with its trench were extremely deep making it almost impossible to conquer. The Daulatabad fort was made completely sound and secure from all types of destruction and it had a high state of safety, to ensure the safety of the people inside the fort had a number of submerged mazes of escape passage ways used in times of distress as escape routes. As a matter of fact, the fort had never fallen prey to any marching force that attacked it. Its fall was only through inevitable treachery.
Structures found within the fort :
Chand Minar :
This monument was built as a result of victory over the magnificent fort by Ala-ud-din Bhamani, who named this the ‘tower of victory’. It is an elegant elevated tower which rises to the height of almost 30 feet. It was built in 1435, when the fort was captured. The tower is a sight of magnificence, adorned with glazed tiles and an array of carved motifs. It was believed that this tower was looked upon as a prayer hall and a monument of victory.
Chini Mahal :
This beautifully constructed palace was the sad-sweet prison of the last king of Golconda, Abdul Hasan Tana Shah. The palace was decorated with blue tiles. The king was detained here for 13 years, after which his soul departed free onto another world of bliss.
Jami Masjid :
This is a beautiful mosque situated inside the Daulatabad Fort compound. It was constructed by Qutub-ud-din Mubarak in the year 1318; he was the Kilji ruler of Delhi. The structure was adorned by 106 astounding pillars, taken away from some of the splendid Hindu and Jain Temples that had initially stood on the site. In recent past, the mosque was converted into a Bharathmatha temple.