Location : Pune, Maharashtra, India.
The word Rajgad means “King of Forts” is one of the important forts in the history of Maharashtra. The fort is massively significant in Maharashtra when we talk about the cultural heritage of the state. The fort is located in Pune district, Maharashtra at approximately 4620 ft beyond sea level. Earlier it was called as Murumdev and was the capital fort of the Hindavi Swarajya (Maratha Kingdom) which was ruled by Chhatraparti Shivaji Maharaj. Over the 26 yrs, Shivaji Maharaj removed this title from Rajgad and made Raigad fort as capital fort. Fort of Rajgad Pune is suitable place for a trip who loves adventurous sports such as Trekking. The brawny construction of the Fort Rajgad mesmerize us with glorious and grandeur fort in the Maratha Empire, Maharashtra.
Fort Rajgad is separated in four parts found on the geographical fortification and geographical terrain. The three sub-plateaux such as Suvela Machee, Sanjeevani Machee and Padamavati Machee, whereas the volcanic plug in central was called as Balekilla.
Suvela Machee :
This machee is located on the south east wrapped with many secrets doorways and routes. This is a double stepped route that strengthened the steps in order to come out from the secret routes and doorways. On the end of 1st step is a hole that cuts the rock and Senaik can sit easily on nedhe (hole). The machee is triangular shape citadel and also called as Kaleswari buruz, a renowed arm force owned by Tanaji Malusare.
Sanjeevani Machee :
Sanjeevani Machee is located on the southwest end and has got three stepped fortified structure. The lower layers of the fort is been separated by one by one with fortifies bastion along with gate in order to defend independently. Lower to the machee is the double curtain structure, also called as chikhathi which is again separated by a deep trench with an average of about 12 ft. The senaik of Shivaji Maharaj used to walk on this walls at the time of immediate attack by the enemies.
Padmavati Machee :
The site of this Machee of Padmavati Lake, Padmavati Temple, Pali Darwaja, Chor Dwaraja, Gunjavane Darwaja, Diwankhana, Daru Kothar, Ghod Tale, Rajwada, Sardar, Dhalkathi and Ghod Tale. Besides this there is Samadhi (tomb) of Saibai, Shivaji’s first wife.
Bale Killa :
This site is one of the highest parts in the Fort Rajgad that includes caves, water cisterns and palaces. The entrance of the door of the Bale Killa is called as Mahadwaraja. From here, one can easily view the whole fort.
History of Fort Rajgad :
The history of the fort lies back in 2000 yrs as claimed by the local people in Pune district of Maharashtra. It is been said that Saint Brahmarshi lived on the mountain and proclaimed all ancient information about the Rajgad fort. In Bahamani reign, Fort Rajgad was known as “Murumbdev”. During 1940, the founder of Nizamshahi rule of Ahemednagar captured this fort. The dynasty of Nizamshahi on the fort was more than 125 yrs. During 1630, the father of Chhatraparti Shivaji, Shahajiraje Bhonsale nominated Sonaji as officer in order to look after all affairs and important batted of the Murumbdev. Sonaji got injured during the battle which was fought with Adilshah from Bijapur. Adlishah also got some injuries during the battle.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja was the people who renamed Murumdev to Rajgad Kille. He intelligently escaped from Agra with his son on the arrival of Rajgad fort. Initially this fort was called as the capital fort, but later in 1672 it was shifted to Raigad fort. With the unfortunate death of Shivaji Maharaj, who was eminent person in the Marathas, everything was shattered. Later, the son of Shivaji Sambhaji Raje was brutally caught and nabbed. Mughals later captured the fort including the fort Rajgad. But with God’s grace, the brave warriors exceptionally managed to rule again on those forts and now it is under the Marathas reign itself.
While touring on the Rajgad fort, one cannot miss the Padamavati Temple. This temple was constructed under the supervision of Shivaji Maharaj. The idol which is placed inside the Temple is filled with utmost serenity. The spacious place of the Padamavati temple allows one to spend quality time that takes you back in history. On the walls of the temple, the local people have hanged the board with stories written on it. Just right side of the temple us the Samadhi of Saibai.
To the east of the fort, one can easily see twin forts of Rudramal (Vajragad) and Purandar. On the north side is the Sinhagad fort that is marked as the television tower. Rohida is on the south east, whereas Raireshwar and Kenjalgad plateau of Mahabaleshwar on the south. Tonna fort is on the west and fort Lingana lies to the downside in Konkad, Raigad.
As Pune is one of the well known city, there are plenty of options for staying facilities. One can stay in the main city of Pune so that visiting sigh by sites will be convenient. You get various options for budget oriented people as well as five start rated hotels and resorts.